Matthew Gilman

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A retrospective study was conducted to assess the predictive value and clinical usefulness of amniotic fluid Gram stain and culture in the management of preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PROM). Amniocentesis was attempted in 79 patients and was successful in 53 patients for a success rate of 67%. The complication rate was 1.8%. Fifty-three(More)
Early-onset type 2 diabetes is associated with marked visceral obesity and extreme insulin resistance, but its pathogenesis and response to treatment are not completely understood. We studied physical fitness, whole-body and hepatic glucose turnover, and insulin secretion in young obese Irish subjects before and after 3 months of aerobic exercise training.(More)
To find a pretreatment predictor of steroid responsiveness in pulmonary sarcoidosis we studied 21 patients before and after steroid treatment by clinical evaluation, pulmonary function tests, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), gallium-67 lung scan, and serum angiotensin-converting enzyme (SACE) level. Although clinical score, forced vital capacity (FVC), BAL(More)
An asymptomatic immunosuppressed renal transplant patient presented with diffuse alveolar infiltrates on a routine chest roentgenogram. An open lung biopsy revealed changes compatible with metastatic pulmonary calcification. The etiology, pathogenesis, and diagnostic approach to this rare disorder are discussed.
In order to determine if the diagnostic yield of the transbronchial lung biopsy in sarcoidosis is dependent upon the number of biopsies, a study was designed to examine individual specimens from 6 biopsies in patients with Stage II sarcoidosis. It was found that the probability of obtaining a positive specimen per biopsy was 46%, and this percentage(More)
The short- and long-term efficacy and safety of an inhaled quaternary ammonium anticholinergic agent, ipratropium bromide, and a beta agonist aerosol, metaproterenol, were compared in 261 nonatopic patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The study was a randomized, double-blind, 90-day, parallel-group trial. On three test days-one, 45,(More)
The efficacy of nebulized glycopyrrolate compared with metaproterenol was evaluated in 46 patients with acute asthma. In a double-blinded, randomized fashion, patients received, as sole therapy, either 2 mg of glycopyrrolate or 15 mg of metaproterenol every 2 h over a 6-h study period. Of the 35 patients completing the study, analysis of variance(More)
Topotecan HCl is an antitumor drug exhibiting topoisomerase 1-inhibitory activity. Topotecan is used in the treatment of metastatic carcinoma of the ovary and as second-line treatment of small-cell lung cancer. Reported dose-limiting adverse reactions to topotecan are primarily hematologic in nature. To date, only one other case of lung toxicity in a(More)
Mean lung density (MLD), as determined by a chest computed tomographic sector method, was evaluated in 12 patients with sarcoidosis and diffuse interstitial lung disease. The results demonstrate that MLD in sarcoidosis was -610.9 +/- 57.3 Hounsfield units (HU), significantly different (p less than 0.001) from a control group MLD of -748.1 +/- 31.9 HU. There(More)
Two patients had the variable clinical features of unilateral cryptophthalmia. A 5-month-old boy had isolated unilateral cryptophthalmia: a small boney orbit, deformed optic canal, and a small amorphous mass with no normal intraocular tissue representing the globe. No extraocular muscles or optic nerve were identified by B-scan ultrasound or by computed(More)