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Elevator construction workers are exposed to asbestos dust during construction and refurbishment work on older buildings. We screened a cohort of workers, all with greater than 20 yr of employment in the industry, with clinical examinations, chest radiography ("B" reader interpretations), and routine spirometry. Twenty of the 91 workers (22%) had evidence(More)
In order to determine if the diagnostic yield of the transbronchial lung biopsy in sarcoidosis is dependent upon the number of biopsies, a study was designed to examine individual specimens from 6 biopsies in patients with Stage II sarcoidosis. It was found that the probability of obtaining a positive specimen per biopsy was 46%, and this percentage(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Early-onset type 2 diabetes is associated with marked visceral obesity and extreme insulin resistance, but its pathogenesis and response to treatment are not completely understood. We studied physical fitness, whole-body and hepatic glucose turnover, and insulin secretion in young obese Irish subjects before and after 3 months of aerobic(More)
The efficacy of nebulized glycopyrrolate compared with metaproterenol was evaluated in 46 patients with acute asthma. In a double-blinded, randomized fashion, patients received, as sole therapy, either 2 mg of glycopyrrolate or 15 mg of metaproterenol every 2 h over a 6-h study period. Of the 35 patients completing the study, analysis of variance(More)
The short- and long-term efficacy and safety of an inhaled quaternary ammonium anticholinergic agent, ipratropium bromide, and a beta agonist aerosol, metaproterenol, were compared in 261 nonatopic patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The study was a randomized, double-blind, 90-day, parallel-group trial. On three test days-one, 45,(More)
A retrospective study was conducted to assess the predictive value and clinical usefulness of amniotic fluid Gram stain and culture in the management of preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PROM). Amniocentesis was attempted in 79 patients and was successful in 53 patients for a success rate of 67%. The complication rate was 1.8%. Fifty-three(More)
To determine the local effects of cigarette smoke on the pulmonary vasculature, we measured pulmonary artery pressure--flow curves in isolated, blood-perfused pig lungs before and after 4 exposures to cigarette smoke. During each exposure, smoke was administered into the trachea for 3 to 4 min at a rate of 20 to 25 puffs/min and a puff volume of 35 to 50 ml(More)
To find a pretreatment predictor of steroid responsiveness in pulmonary sarcoidosis we studied 21 patients before and after steroid treatment by clinical evaluation, pulmonary function tests, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), gallium-67 lung scan, and serum angiotensin-converting enzyme (SACE) level. Although clinical score, forced vital capacity (FVC), BAL(More)
An asymptomatic immunosuppressed renal transplant patient presented with diffuse alveolar infiltrates on a routine chest roentgenogram. An open lung biopsy revealed changes compatible with metastatic pulmonary calcification. The etiology, pathogenesis, and diagnostic approach to this rare disorder are discussed.