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The Milky Way has at least twenty-three known satellite galaxies that shine with luminosities ranging from about a thousand to a billion times that of the Sun. Half of these galaxies were discovered in the past few years in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, and they are among the least luminous galaxies in the known Universe. A determination of the mass of(More)
We apply the Jeans equation to estimate masses for eight of the brightest dwarf spheroidal (dSph) galaxies. For Fornax, the dSph with the largest kinematic data set, we obtain a model-independent constraint on the maximum-circular velocity, V max = 20 +4 −3 km s −1. Although we obtain only lower-limits of V max 10 km s −1 for the remaining dSphs, we find(More)
We present new kinematic results for a sample of 387 stars located in and around the Milky Way satellite dwarf spheroidal galaxy Leo I. These spectra were obtained with the Hectochelle multi-object echelle spectrograph on the MMT, and cover the MgI/Mgb lines at about 5200Å. Based on 297 repeat measurements of 108 stars, we estimate the mean velocity error(More)
We present stellar velocity dispersion profiles for seven Milky Way dwarf spheroidal (dSph) satellite galaxies. We have measured 8394 line-of-sight velocities (±2.5 km s −1) for 6804 stars from high-resolution spectra obtained at the Magellan and MMT telescopes. We combine these new data with previously published velocities to obtain the largest available(More)
Cooperative robotic systems provide design and implementation challenges that are not easy to solve. This paper describes a parallel implementation for evolving cooperative robotic behaviour using an island model based genetic program on a cluster computer system. The application domain is robot soccer in which two robots must cooperate to avoid collisions(More)
We present new radial velocity results for 178 stars in the Fornax dwarf spheroidal galaxy, of which at least 158 are probable Fornax members. We combine with previously published data to obtain a radial velocity sample with 209 stars, of which at least 179 are probable Fornax members. We detect the hint of rotation about an axis near Fornax's morphological(More)
We develop an algorithm for estimating parameters of a distribution sampled with contamination. We employ a statistical technique known as " expectation maximization " (EM). Given models for both member and contaminant populations, the EM algorithm iteratively evaluates the membership probability of each discrete data point, then uses those probabilities to(More)
In this paper we consider the problem of constructing confidence intervals in the presence of nuisance parameters. We discuss a generalization of the unified method of Feldman and Cousins (1998) with nuisance parameters. We demonstrate our method with several examples that arise frequently in High Energy Physics and Astronomy. We also discuss the hybrid(More)
We present a search for γ-ray emission from the direction of the newly discovered dwarf galaxy Reticulum II. Using Fermi-LAT Collaboration data, we detect a signal that exceeds expected backgrounds between ∼2-10  GeV and is consistent with annihilation of dark matter for particle masses less than a few ×10^{2}  GeV. Modeling the background as a Poisson(More)