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Lipoproteins are a distinct class of bacterial membrane proteins that are translocated across the cytoplasmic membrane primarily by the Sec general secretory pathway and then lipidated on a conserved cysteine by the enzyme lipoprotein diacylglycerol transferase (Lgt). The signal peptide is cleaved by lipoprotein signal peptidase (Lsp) to leave the(More)
The Tat system functions to transport folded proteins across the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane and the thylakoid membrane of plant chloroplasts. Tat transport involves a high molecular weight TatBC-containing complex that transiently associates with TatA during protein translocation. Sedimentation equilibrium experiments were used to determine a(More)
The Tat system, found in the cytoplasmic membrane of many bacteria, is a general export pathway for folded proteins. Here we describe the development of a method, based on the transport of chloramphenicol acetyltransferase, that allows positive selection of mutants defective in Tat function. We have demonstrated the utility of this method by selecting novel(More)
The Escherichia coli Tat system serves to export folded proteins harbouring an N-terminal twin-arginine signal peptide across the cytoplasmic membrane. In this report we have studied the functions of conserved residues within the structurally related TatA and TatB proteins. Our results demonstrate that there are two regions within each protein of high(More)
Following translocation, bacterial lipoproteins are lipidated by lipoprotein diacylglycerol transferase (Lgt) and cleaved of their signal peptides by lipoprotein signal peptidase (Lsp). In Gram-negative bacteria and mycobacteria, lipoproteins are further lipidated by lipoprotein N-acyl transferase (Lnt), to give triacylated lipoproteins. Streptomyces are(More)
The regulatory protein NsrR, a member of the Rrf2 family of transcription repressors, is specifically dedicated to sensing nitric oxide (NO) in a variety of pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacteria. It has been proposed that NO directly modulates NsrR activity by interacting with a predicted [Fe-S] cluster in the NsrR protein, but no experimental evidence has(More)
We have functionally produced the outer membrane cytochrome OmcA from Shewanella oneidensis in Escherichia coli. Substrate accessibility experiments indicate that OmcA is surface exposed in an E. coli B strain but not in a K-12 strain. We show that a functional type II secretion system is required for surface localization.
The Tat (twin arginine translocation) system transports folded proteins across the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane and the thylakoid membrane of plant chloroplasts. The integral membrane proteins TatA, TatB, and TatC are essential components of the Tat pathway. TatA forms high order oligomers and is thought to constitute the protein-translocating unit of the(More)
BACKGROUND The Tat pathway transports folded proteins across the cytoplasmic membrane of bacteria and the thylakoid membrane of plants. In Eschericha coli, Tat transport requires the integral membrane proteins TatA, TatB and TatC. In this study we have tested the ability of tat genes from the eubacterial species Pseudomonas syringae, Streptomyces coelicolor(More)
All secreted proteins in Escherichia coli must be maintained in an export-competent state before translocation across the inner membrane. In the case of the Sec pathway, this function is carried out by the dedicated SecB chaperone and the general chaperones DnaK-DnaJ-GrpE and GroEL-GroES, whose job collectively is to render substrate proteins partially or(More)