Matthew G. Buckley

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To study the possible physiological role of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in the regulation of intraocular pressure (IOP) the effects of an increase of endogenous ANP within the physiological range induced by the neutral endopeptidase 24.11 (NEP) inhibitor candoxatril were examined. In a single masked placebo controlled trial, seven patients were studied(More)
Although asthma has been viewed mainly as an eosinophilic disease, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) as a neutrophilic disease, recent studies have shown increased neutrophil counts in severe asthma and sputum eosinophilia in some COPD patients. In an attempt to further characterise these two syndromes according to pathology, the current(More)
An influential theory of spatial navigation states that the boundary shape of an environment is preferentially encoded over and above other spatial cues, such that it is impervious to interference from alternative sources of information. We explored this claim with 3 intradimensional-extradimensional shift experiments, designed to examine the interaction of(More)
BACKGROUND The role of cardiac extrinsic innervation in the regulation of sodium balance and blood pressure is controversial. METHODS AND RESULTS We performed a double-blind study of endocrine and blood pressure responses to 5 days of low- (LS, 10 mmol/d) and 5 days of high- (350 mmol/d) sodium intake in 12 cardiac transplant recipients, 12 matched(More)
There is evidence in animals and in humans for accelerated natriuresis after oral compared with intravenous sodium loading. To assess the role of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) as a contributory mechanism, we compared the hormonal responses to an intravenous sodium load and to the same sodium load taken orally in three separate groups of healthy subjects(More)
According to the geometric module hypothesis, organisms encode a global representation of the space in which they navigate, and this representation is not prone to interference from other cues. A number of studies, however, have shown that both human and non-human animals can navigate on the basis of local geometric cues provided by the shape of an(More)
A number of navigational theories state that learning about landmark information should not interfere with learning about shape information provided by the boundary walls of an environment. A common test of such theories has been to assess whether landmark information will overshadow, or restrict, learning about shape information. Whilst a number of studies(More)
The cognitive sequelae of hydrocephalus have mostly been explored with standardised clinical tasks. The aim of the present research was determine whether impairments on these abstract tasks extend to everyday spatial and navigational behaviour. Patients with hydrocephalus, but without spina bifida, were compared to a control group on tests of searching(More)
Adults learning to navigate to a hidden goal within an enclosed space have been found to prefer information provided by the distal cues of an environment, as opposed to proximal landmarks within the environment. Studies with children, however, have shown that 5- or 7-year-olds do not display any preference toward distal or proximal cues during navigation.(More)
Whilst much is known about the neuropathological consequences of hydrocephalus, there have been comparatively few studies of the cognitive impairments associated with it. Studies using standardised tests of cognitive function have identified a general pattern of impairments, with patients exhibiting particular difficulty on tests of spatial memory and(More)