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These experiments examined the role of gonadal hormones at both the organizational and activational time periods on sex differences in plus-maze behavior. In the first experiment, adult female Long-Evans rats were found to spend more time on the open arms of the plus maze than adult males, indicating less anxious behavior. In the second experiment, male and(More)
The objective of this study was to optimize a reproducible impedance spectroscopy method in elderly subjects as a means to evaluate the effects of microneedles on aging skin. Human volunteers were treated with microneedles at six sites on the upper arm. Repeated impedance measurements were taken pre- and post-microneedle insertion. Two electrode types were(More)
1. Adult male and female squirrel monkeys were tested for behavioral responses to 5 min. social separation (alone in test room) followed by 30-sec. exposure to 2 humans wearing a leather capture glove. 2. Trials were preceded by intramuscular injection of an anticholinergic drug, benactyzine hydrochloride, in doses of 0.0, 0.6, 1.0, 2.0, and 3.0 mg/kg. 3.(More)
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