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Rare inactivating mutations in BRCA1, BRCA2, ATM, TP53 and CHEK2 confer relative risks for breast cancer between about 2 and more than 10, but more common variants in these genes are generally considered of little or no clinical significance. Under the polygenic model for breast cancer carriers of multiple low-penetrance alleles are at high risk, but few(More)
BACKGROUND Cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes have the potential to affect colorectal cancer (CRC) risk by determining the genotoxic impact of exogenous carcinogens and levels of sex hormones. METHODS To investigate if common variants of CYP1A2, CYP1B1, CYP3A4, CYP3A5, CYP11A1, CYP17A1 and CYP19A1 influence CRC risk we genotyped 2,575 CRC cases and 2,707(More)
Recently, homozygosity for T91A single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the serine/threonine kinase (STK15) gene, which generates the substitution F31I has been proposed to increase the risk of a number of tumours including colorectal cancer (CRC). To further evaluate the relationship between STK15 F31I and risk of CRC, we genotyped 2558 CRC cases and 2680(More)
We conducted a large-scale association study to identify low-penetrance susceptibility alleles for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), analyzing 992 patients and 2707 healthy controls. To increase the likelihood of identifying disease-causing alleles we genotyped 1467 coding nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs) in 865 candidate cancer(More)
To assess whether DNA repair gene variants influence the clinical behaviour of lung cancer we examined the impact of a comprehensive panel of 109 non-synonymous single-nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs) in 50 DNA repair genes on overall survival (OS) in 700 lung cancer patients. Fifteen nsSNPs were associated with OS, significantly greater than that expected(More)
The Gly388Arg polymorphism in the fibroblast growth factor receptor 4 (FGFR4) gene has been reported to influence prognosis in a wide variety of cancer types. To determine whether Gly388Arg is a marker for lung cancer prognosis, we genotyped 619 lung cancer patients with incident disease and examined the relationship between genotype and overall survival.(More)
Functional nonsynonymous single-nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs) of folate metabolism genes can influence the methylation of tumour suppressor genes, thereby potentially impacting on tumour behaviour. To investigate whether such polymorphisms influence lung cancer survival, we genotyped 14 nsSNPs mapping to methylene-tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR),(More)
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