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The present series of experiments investigated the effects of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF165) on adult rat striatal cerebrovasculature and embryonic dopamine (DA) neuron allografts in a rat model of Parkinson's disease (PD). We examined VEGF165's ability to (1) alter the vascular network of the adult rat striatum, (2) influence the vascular… (More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease marked by severe loss of dopamine (DA) neurons in the nigrostriatal system, which results in depletion of striatal DA. Transplantation of embryonic ventral mesencephalic (VM) DA neurons into the striatum is a currently explored experimental treatment aimed at replacing lost DA in the nigrostriatal… (More)
Survival rates of dopamine (DA) neurons grafted to the denervated striatum are extremely poor (5-20%). Gene transfer of survival promoting factors, such as the anti-apoptotic protein bcl-2, to mesencephalic DA neurons prior to transplantation (ex vivo transduction) offers a novel approach to increase graft survival. However, specific criteria to assess the… (More)
Two patients with intractable hiccups were treated with intramuscular haloperidol; remission occurred within 1 hour. With its rapid action and low incidence of adverse effects, intramuscular haloperidol should be considered a therapeutic alternative in the treatment of intractable hiccups.