Matthew Ennis

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The glomeruli of the olfactory bulb are the first site of synaptic processing in the olfactory system. The glomeruli contain three types of neurons that are referred to collectively as juxtaglomerular (JG) cells: external tufted (ET), periglomerular (PG), and short axon (SA) cells. JG cells are thought to interact synaptically, but little is known about the(More)
Glomeruli, the initial sites of synaptic processing in the olfactory system, contain at least three types of neurons collectively referred to as juxtaglomerular (JG) neurons. The role of JG neurons in odor processing is poorly understood. We investigated the morphology, spontaneous, and sensory-evoked activity of one class of JG neurons, external tufted(More)
Recently, several studies have suggested that neonatal noxious insult could alter future responses to painful stimuli. However, the manifestations, mechanisms, and even developmental nature of these alterations remain a matter of controversy. In part, this is due to the lack of detailed information on the neonatal sensitive period(s) during which noxious(More)
Dense, focal injections of wheat germ agglutinin conjugated-horseradish peroxidase in the locus coeruleus of rats labeled afferent neurons in unexpectedly few brain regions. Major inputs emanate from only two nuclei--the paragigantocellularis and the prepositus hypoglossi, both in the rostral medulla. The dorsal cap of the paraventricular hypothalamic(More)
Olfactory receptor neurons of the nasal epithelium send their axons, via the olfactory nerve (ON), to the glomeruli of the olfactory bulb (OB), where the axon terminals form glutamatergic synapses with the apical dendrites of mitral and tufted cells, the output cells of the OB, and with juxtaglomerular (JG) interneurons. Many JG cells are GABAergic. Here we(More)
Olfactory receptor neurons of the nasal epithelium project via the olfactory nerve (ON) to the glomeruli of the main olfactory bulb, where they form glutamatergic synapses with the apical dendrites of mitral and tufted cells, the output cells of the olfactory bulb, and with juxtaglomerular interneurons. The glomerular layer contains one of the largest(More)
Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings were used to investigate the electrophysiological properties of mitral cells in rat main olfactory bulb brain slice preparations. The majority of mitral cells are bistable. These cells spontaneously alternate between two membrane potentials, separated by approximately 10 mV: a relatively depolarized potential (upstate),(More)
Previous reports indicate that the midbrain periaqueductal gray and the central nucleus of the amygdala are interconnected but the organization of these projections has not been characterized. We have analyzed this reciprocal circuitry using anterograde and retrograde tracing methods and image analysis. Our findings reveal that innervation of periaqueductal(More)
Recently, there has been a growing interest in long-term consequences of neonatal pain because modern neonatal intensive care units routinely employ procedures that cause considerable pain and may be followed by local inflammation and hyperalgesia lasting for several hours or even days. To address this question, we developed a rat model of short lasting (<2(More)