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The Death Toll from Natural Disasters: The Role of Income, Geography, and Institutions
Using a new data set on annual deaths from disasters in 73 nations from 1980 to 2002, this paper tests several hypotheses concerning natural-disaster mitigation. Though richer nations do notExpand
Estimating Housing Demand With an Application to Explaining Racial Segregation in Cities
We present a three-stage, nonparametric estimation procedure to recover willingness to pay for housing attributes. In the first stage we estimate a nonparametric hedonic home price function. In theExpand
The Greenness of Cities: Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Urban Development
Carbon dioxide emissions may create significant social harm because of global warming, yet American urban development tends to be in low density areas with very hot summers. In this paper, we attemptExpand
Sprawl and Urban Growth
Cities can be thought of as the absence of physical space between people and firms. As such, they exist to eliminate transportation costs for goods, people and ideas and transportation technologiesExpand
Why do the poor live in cities? The role of public transportation ✩
More than 19 percent of people in American central cities are poor. In suburbs, just 7.5 percent of people live in poverty. The income elasticity of demand for land is too low for urban poverty toExpand
Civic Engagement and Community Heterogeneity: An Economist's Perspective
Now many of them [economists] are writing about neighborhood get-togethers, PTAs, Bible study classes, and the like …. This is not necessarily a good thing.—Claude S. Fischer, “Bowling Alone: What'sExpand
Energy Conservation "Nudges" and Environmentalist Ideology: Evidence from a Randomized Residential Electricity Field Experiment
“Nudges” are being widely promoted to encourage energy conservation. We show that the popular electricity conservation “nudge” of providing feedback to households on own and peers’ home electricityExpand
Do greens drive Hummers or hybrids? Environmental ideology as a determinant of consumer choice
This paper uses several California data sets to test for differences in consumption patterns between greens and browns. A person’s ‘‘environmentalism’’ is rarely observed in consumer data sets. InExpand
Power Couples: Changes in the Locational Choice of the College Educated, 1940-1990
College educated couples are increasingly located in large metropolitan areas. These areas were home to 32 percent of all college educated couples in 1940, 39 percent in 1970, and 50 percent in 1990.Expand
Changes in the Value of Life, 1940–1980
We present the first nationwide value of life estimates for the United States at more than one point in time. Our estimates are for every ten years between 1940 and 1980, a period when declines inExpand