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Towards a unified paradigm for sequence‐based identification of fungi
TLDR
All fungal species represented by at least two ITS sequences in the international nucleotide sequence databases are now given a unique, stable name of the accession number type, and the term ‘species hypothesis’ (SH) is introduced for the taxa discovered in clustering on different similarity thresholds. Expand
Global diversity and geography of soil fungi
TLDR
Diversity of most fungal groups peaked in tropical ecosystems, but ectomycorrhizal fungi and several fungal classes were most diverse in temperate or boreal ecosystems, and manyfungal groups exhibited distinct preferences for specific edaphic conditions (such as pH, calcium, or phosphorus). Expand
A phylum-level phylogenetic classification of zygomycete fungi based on genome-scale data
TLDR
It is demonstrated that zygomycetes comprise two major clades that form a paraphyletic grade, and the phyla Mucoromycota and ZoopagomyCota are circumscribed. Expand
Ectomycorrhizal lifestyle in fungi: global diversity, distribution, and evolution of phylogenetic lineages
TLDR
In conclusion, EcM fungi are phylogenetically highly diverse, and molecular surveys particularly in tropical and south temperate habitats are likely to supplement to the present figures. Expand
Ectomycorrhizal community structure in a xeric Quercus woodland based on rDNA sequence analysis of sporocarps and pooled roots.
TLDR
The EM community from sporocarps and roots was diverse (161 species), rich in Ascomycota (46 species), and dominated by fungi with cryptic sporOCarps, many of which were detected both above- and below-ground. Expand
Lineages of ectomycorrhizal fungi revisited: Foraging strategies and novel lineages revealed by sequences from belowground
TLDR
It is suggested that EcM symbiosis has arisen independently in 78–82 fungal lineages that comprise 251–256 genera and the EcM fungal diversity of tropical and southern temperate ecosystems remains significantly understudied and it is expected that these regions are most likely to reveal additional EcM taxa. Expand
Contrasting ectomycorrhizal fungal communities on the roots of co-occurring oaks (Quercus spp.) in a California woodland.
TLDR
It was determined that both soil extractable phosphorus and oak host species explained a significant proportion of the variation in EM species distribution, indicating that plant host species can be an important factor influencing EM fungal community composition, even within congeneric trees. Expand
Towards global patterns in the diversity and community structure of ectomycorrhizal fungi.
TLDR
A global analysis to disentangle the global determinants of diversity and community composition for ectomycorrhizal fungi-microbial symbionts that play key roles in plant nutrition in most temperate and many tropical forest ecosystems provides useful biogeographic and ecological hypotheses for explaining the distribution of fungi. Expand
Historical Biogeography and Diversification of Truffles in the Tuberaceae and Their Newly Identified Southern Hemisphere Sister Lineage
TLDR
A global sampling of the Tuberaceae based on DNA sequence data from four loci suggests that Tuber evolved from an epigeous ancestor, and a well-resolvedTuberaceae phylogeny shows high levels of regional and continental endemism. Expand
Endemism and functional convergence across the North American soil mycobiome
TLDR
This work isolates different geographic and local processes hypothesized to shape fungal community composition and activity in pine forests across the continental United States and shows that the principal ecological processes controlling community structure and function operate at different scales. Expand
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