Matthew E Call

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The T cell receptor (TCR) serves a critical function in the immune system and represents one of the most complex receptor structures. A striking feature is the presence of nine highly conserved, potentially charged residues in the transmembrane helices. Previous models have attempted to explain assembly based on pairwise interactions of these residues.(More)
Many immune system receptors signal through cytoplasmic tyrosine-based motifs (ITAMs), but how receptor ligation results in ITAM phosphorylation remains unknown. Live-cell imaging studies showed a close interaction of the CD3epsilon cytoplasmic domain of the T cell receptor (TCR) with the plasma membrane through fluorescence resonance energy transfer(More)
The T cell receptor (TCR) alphabeta heterodimer communicates ligand binding to the cell interior via noncovalently associated CD3gammaepsilon, CD3deltaepsilon, and zetazeta dimers. While structures of extracellular components of the TCR-CD3 complex are known, the transmembrane (TM) domains that mediate assembly have eluded structural characterization.(More)
HLA-DR molecules bind microbial peptides in an endosomal compartment and present them on the cell surface for CD4 T cell surveillance. HLA-DM plays a critical role in the endosomal peptide selection process. The structure of the HLA-DM-HLA-DR complex shows major rearrangements of the HLA-DR peptide-binding groove. Flipping of a tryptophan away from the(More)
microRNAs (miRNAs) are a large class of endogenous short RNAs that repress gene expression. Many miRNAs are conserved throughout evolution, and dysregulation of miRNA pathways has been correlated with an increasing number of human diseases. In animals, miRNAs typically bind to the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of target mRNAs with imperfect sequence(More)
The crystal structures of five autoimmune T cell receptor (TCR)-peptide-MHC complexes reveal substantial structural alterations compared to antimicrobial TCRs. The two human TCRs bind their self-peptide-MHC ligands with an altered topology, while the three mouse receptors recognize a self-peptide that only partially fills the MHC-binding groove. In most(More)
The activating NKG2D receptor plays a critical role in innate and adaptive immune responses by natural killer cells and subpopulations of T cells. The human receptor assembles with the DAP10 signaling dimer, and it is thought that one NKG2D homodimer pairs with a single DAP10 dimer by formation of two salt bridges between charged transmembrane (TM)(More)
Many receptors that activate cells of the immune system are multisubunit membrane protein complexes in which ligand recognition and signaling functions are contributed by separate protein modules. Receptors and signaling subunits assemble through contacts among basic and acidic residues in their transmembrane domains to form the functional complexes. Here(More)
B cells from patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) who are heterozygous for transmembrane activator and CAML interactor (TACI) mutation C104R, which abolishes ligand binding, fail to produce Igs in response to TACI ligand. It is not known whether this is due to haploinsufficiency or dominant interference. Using in vitro transfection assays,(More)
2009); the catalytic activities of PTPs have been estimated to be 10to 1000-fold higher than that of tyrosine kinases (discussedby Fischer et al., 1991). Another contributing factor is the activity of inhibitory kinases such as Csk, which also constrain T cell activation (Schoenborn et al., 2009). Progress in understanding TCR triggering will require the(More)