Matthew E Andrzejewski

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BACKGROUND Low doses of psychostimulants, such as methylphenidate (MPH), are widely used in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Surprisingly little is known about the neural mechanisms that underlie the behavioral/cognitive actions of these drugs. The prefrontal cortex (PFC) is implicated in ADHD. Moreover, dopamine (DA) and(More)
This study examined the effects of Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta(9)-THC) and the CB1 antagonist SR-141716 on open-field behaviors in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Animals were examined after administration of Delta(9)-THC alone (dose range: 0.3-5.6 mg/kg), SR-141716 alone (dose range: 1-5.6 mg/kg) and the two drugs in combination; injections were given(More)
Previous research has shown that corticostriatal N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) activation is necessary for operant learning. NMDAR activation induces plasticity-related intracellular signaling processes leading to gene expression, which are hypothesized to be important steps in codifying the content of learning. Operant learning induces immediate(More)
Substantial experimental evidence exists suggesting a critical role for dopamine in reinforcer-related processes, such as learning and drug addiction. Dopamine receptors, and in particular D1 receptors, are widely considered as modulators of synaptic plasticity. The amygdala contains both dopamine terminals and dopamine D1 receptors and is intimately(More)
Glutamate-coded signaling in corticostriatal circuits has been shown to be important in various forms of learning and memory. In the present study, the authors found that N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonism in the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) and the posterior lateral striatum (PLS) impaired instrumental conditioning but had no effect(More)
Low dose amphetamine (AMPH) and methylphenidate (MPH, Ritalin(®)) are the most widely prescribed and most effective pharmacotherapy for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Certain low, clinically relevant doses of MPH improve sustained attention and working memory in normal rats, in contrast to higher doses that impair cognitive ability and(More)
Opioid transmission and dysregulated prefrontal cortex (PFC) activity have both been implicated in the inhibitory-control deficits associated with addiction and binge-type eating disorders. What remains unknown, however, is whether endogenous opioid transmission within the PFC modulates inhibitory control. Here, we compared intra-PFC opioid manipulations(More)
The longevity-assurance activity of the tumor suppressor p53 depends on the levels of Delta40p53 (p44), a short and naturally occurring isoform of the p53 gene. As such, increased dosage of p44 in the mouse leads to accelerated aging and short lifespan. Here we show that mice homozygous for a transgene encoding p44 (p44(+/+)) display cognitive decline and(More)
Neural integration of glutamate- and dopamine-coded signals within the nucleus accumbens (NAc) is a fundamental process governing cellular plasticity underlying reward-related learning. Intra-NAc core blockade of NMDA or D1 receptors in rats impairs instrumental learning (lever-pressing for sugar pellets), but it is not known during which phase of learning(More)
Previous work has implicated the cholinergic system in modulating feeding behavior; however, its specific function remains unclear. This work aims to characterize potential dissociations between the central cholinergic modulation of the incentive properties of food and food-associated cues, and consummatory behaviors. Three separate experiments demonstrated(More)