Matthew Downen

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Clonal cell lines of rat embryonic hippocampal origin have been developed by using retroviral transduction of temperature-sensitive simian virus 40 large tumor antigens. The cell lines undergo morphological differentiation at the nonpermissive temperature and in response to differentiating agents. Immunocytochemical analysis indicates that various lines are(More)
To determine whether postmitotic neurons can be immortalized by oncogenic transduction, we used two approaches involving conditional expression of a temperature-sensitive SV40 large T antigen (Tts). Initially, Tts was introduced into E17 rat embryonal hippocampal cells that were then cultured at the non-permissive temperature to enrich for postmitotic(More)
Cortical glial cells in culture were found to be responsive to the neurotrophin brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), as evidenced by activation of multiple signal transduction processes. BDNF produced an increase in mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase tyrosine phosphorylation, MAP kinase activity, intracellular calcium concentration and c-fos(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) are members of a family of trophic factors designated the neurotrophins, each of which can bind to the low-affinity NGF receptor (LNGFR). To investigate the mechanisms that regulate the expression of the neurotrophins and the LNGFR in the developing brain, we grew(More)
The mechanisms that initiate and direct neuronal process formation remain poorly understood. We have recently described a neuronal progenitor cell line, AS583-8.E4.22 (AS583-8) which undergoes neurite formation in response to beta2-adrenergic and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) receptor activation [Kwon, J.H. et al., (1996) Eur. J. Neurosci., 8,(More)
We describe new Fourier- and shape-based methods for quantifying variation in phase-portraits, and re-analyze previously-published ontogenetic and adult data [Clark, J. E., & Phillips, S. J. (1993). A longitudinal study of intralimb coordination in the first year of independent walking: A dynamical systems approach. Child Development, 64, 1143-1157].(More)
A clonal cell line, AS583-8.E4.22, from the embryonic day 15 rat basal forebrain was established using retrovirus-mediated transduction of a temperature-sensitive mutant of the simian virus 40 (SV40) large tumour antigen. The cell line expresses cytoskeletal and neurotransmitter features indicative of neuronal commitment. In response to agents that increase(More)
A culture system enriched for nerve growth factor (NGF) receptor bearing cells was developed to investigate signal transduction events activated by NGF in postmitotic central nervous system neurons. Cells from the septal region of embryonic rats at 16 days of gestation were grown on glass coverslips above a glial cell layer established from postnatal rat(More)
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