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Different topical local anaesthetics have varying effects on skin blood flow and vascular reactivity. We compared the vasoactive properties of Rapydan, a new topical local anaesthetic, with those of Ametop and EMLA creams in 20 healthy volunteers. Blood flow and vascular reactivity in the forearm skin were assessed by laser Doppler flowmetry and the(More)
BACKGROUND Hip fracture is a condition with high mortality and morbidity in elderly frail patients. Intraoperative fluid optimization may be associated with benefit in this population. We investigated whether intraoperative fluid management using pulse-contour analysis cardiac monitoring, compared with standard care in patients undergoing spinal(More)
BACKGROUND hip fracture represents a huge medical, social and financial burden on patients, their carers and the health and social care systems. For survivors, return to their own home may be a key outcome. The Nottingham Hip Fracture Score (NHFS) is a validated score, based on admission characteristics, for predicting 30-day and 1-year mortality that may(More)
BACKGROUND Local anaesthetics affect blood vessels in various ways, depending upon the site of action and the drug used. There is controversy over the vascular effects of two widely used topical local anaesthetic agents, EMLA and Ametop. We used the transient hyperaemic response (THR) to the brief compression of the brachial artery to assess vascular(More)
Postoperative sore throat has a reported incidence of up to 62% following general anaesthesia. In adults undergoing tracheal intubation, female sex, younger age, pre-existing lung disease, prolonged duration of anaesthesia and the presence of a blood-stained tracheal tube on extubation are associated with the greatest risk. Tracheal intubation without(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical repair of hip fractures is associated with high postoperative mortality. The identification of high-risk patients might be of value in aiding clinical management decisions and resource allocation. The Nottingham Hip Fracture Score (NHFS) is a scoring system validated for the prediction of 30 day mortality after hip fracture surgery. It(More)
BACKGROUND Approximately 70,000 patients/year undergo surgery for repair of a fractured hip in the United Kingdom. This is associated with 30-day mortality of 9% and survivors have a considerable length of acute hospital stay postoperatively (median 26 days). Use of oesophageal Doppler monitoring to guide intra-operative fluid administration in hip fracture(More)
Cauda equina syndrome is a neurosurgical emergency that requires prompt intervention to prevent irreversible spinal cord paralysis. This article describes how we managed a case of an obese pregnant patient who was placed in the prone position for surgery. We discuss the evidence behind the management options and choice of operating tables available.