Matthew Derrick

Learn More
Disruption of oligodendrocyte lineage progression is implicated in the white-matter injury that occurs in cerebral palsy. We have previously published a model in rabbits consistent with cerebral palsy. Little is known of normal white-matter development in perinatal rabbits. Using a multidimensional approach, we defined the relationship of oligodendrocyte(More)
Surfactant protein B is a small homodimeric protein that is found tightly associated with surfactant lipids in the alveolar space. In this review, we discuss the actions of SP-B on phospholipid membranes using information predominantly obtained from model membrane systems. We try to correlate these model actions with current concepts of SP-B structure and(More)
The objective of the study was to assess predictive value of serial diffusion tensor MRI (DTI) for the white matter injury and neurodevelopmental outcome in a cohort of premature infants. Twenty-four infants less than 32 weeks' gestation were stratified to a control group (n = 11), mild brain injury with grades 1-2 of intraventricular hemorrhage (n = 6) and(More)
N eonatal encephalopathy caused by perinatal hypoxiaischemia in term newborn infants occurs in 1 to 3 per 1000 births and leads to high mortality and morbidity rates with life-long chronic disabilities. Although therapeutic hypothermia is a significant advance in the developed world and improves outcome, hypothermia offers just 11% reduction in risk of(More)
In the investigation of ischemia-induced brain damage, traditional methods using histopathology estimate brain cell death at a time remote from ischemic insult. These observations fail to take into account endogenous repair processes or ongoing injury cascades like apoptosis. The cells that are injured but not killed initially are the population most(More)
Prenatal hypoxia-ischemia to the developing brain has been strongly implicated in the subsequent development of the hypertonic motor deficits of cerebral palsy (CP) in premature and full-term infants who present with neonatal encephalopathy. Despite the enormous impact of CP, there is no animal model that reproduces the hypertonia and motor disturbances of(More)
The early antecedents of cerebral palsy (CP) are unknown but are suspected to be due to hypoxia-ischemia (H-I). In our rabbit model of CP, the MRI biomarker, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) on diffusion-weighted imaging, predicted which fetuses will develop postnatal hypertonia. Surviving H-I fetuses experience reperfusion-reoxygenation but a(More)
Disorders of the maternal-placental-fetal unit often results in fetal brain injury, which in turn results in one of the highest burdens of disease, because of the lifelong consequences and cost to society. Investigating hypoxia-ischemia in the perinatal period requires the factoring of timing of the insult, determination of end-points, taking into account(More)
Perinatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury remains a major cause of cerebral palsy. Although therapeutic hypothermia is now established to improve recovery from hypoxia-ischemia (HI) at term, many infants continue to survive with disability, and hypothermia has not yet been tested in preterm infants. There is increasing evidence from in vitro and in vivo(More)
OBJECTIVE Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH(4)) deficiency is a cause of dystonia at birth. We hypothesized that BH(4) is a developmental factor determining vulnerability of the immature fetal brain to hypoxic-ischemic injury and subsequent motor deficits in newborns. METHODS Pregnant rabbits were subjected to 40-minute uterine ischemia, and fetal brains were(More)