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Executive dyscontrol of episodic verbal learning and memory secondary to prefrontostriatal circuit neuropathophysiology is a common feature of HIV-1 infection. Prior research indicates that standard clinical learning and recall indexes from Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised (HVLT-R) are among the most sensitive indicators of HIV-associated neurocognitive(More)
Optimal adherence to antiretroviral medications is critical to the effective long-term management of HIV infection. Although prospective memory (ProM; i.e., "remembering to remember") has long been theorized to play an important role in medication adherence, no prior studies have evaluated whether HIV-associated ProM impairment possesses unique predictive(More)
HIV infection is associated with deficits in category fluency, but the underlying cognitive mechanisms of such impairments have not been determined. Considering the preferential disruption of the structure and function of frontostriatal circuits in HIV disease, the present study evaluated the hypothesis that HIV-associated category fluency deficits are(More)
Pencil Code is a block-based coding tool that helps beginners work with text-based web programming languages. It has been used to allow help first-time programmers of all ages create programs in JavaScript and CoffeeScript. Pencil Code allows students to toggle between text code and blocks freely. This approach allows students to transition smoothly from(More)
HIV infection is associated with impairments in prospective memory (ProM), an aspect of episodic memory that refers to the ability to execute a future intention, such as remembering to take a medication at a specific time. The current study sought to examine the relationship between HIV-associated ProM impairment and the successful management of(More)
Failures of episodic retrospective memory (RetM) are among the most frequently reported cognitive complaints endorsed by individuals living with HIV infection. The present study sought to examine the nature, frequency, and determinants of self-reported complaints of prospective memory (ProM) in HIV, which is a singly dissociable and ecologically relevant(More)
Nonadherence to combination antiretroviral (ARV) therapies (cART) is highly prevalent and significantly increases the risk of adverse human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease outcomes. The current study evaluated the hypothesis that prospective memory-a dissociable aspect of episodic memory describing the ability to execute a future intention-plays an(More)
HIV-associated neurocognitive impairment, particularly in the domain of prospective memory (ProM), increases the risk of poor everyday functioning outcomes, including medication non-adherence. However, whether ProM plays a role in health care compliance outside of the realm of medication adherence remains to be determined. This study evaluated the(More)
Emerging evidence indicates that individuals with schizophrenia (SCZ) may exhibit deficits in prospective memory (ProM), a dissociable and ecologically important aspect of episodic memory entailing the formation, maintenance, and execution of future intentions. The present study aimed to elucidate the component processes of ProM impairment in 41 individuals(More)
The construct of prospective memory (ProM), or "remembering to remember," is hypothesized to play a critical role in normal activities of daily living and has increasingly been the focus of clinical research over the past 10 years. However, the assessment of ProM as part of routine clinical care is presently hampered by the paucity of psychometrically(More)