When bacterial cells are tethered to glass by their flagella, many of them spin. On the basis of experiments with tethered cells it has generally been thought that the motor which drives the flagellum is a two-state device, existing in either a counterclockwise or a clockwise state. Here we show that a third state of the motor is that of pausing, the… (More)
Many intracellular bacterial pathogens undergo actin-based motility to promote cell-cell spread during infection . For each pathogen, motility was assumed to be driven by a single actin polymerization pathway. Curiously, spotted fever group Rickettsia differ from other pathogens in possessing two actin-polymerizing proteins. RickA, an activator of the… (More)
Wild-type Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium cells, tethered to glass by their flagella, rotate with brief intermittent pauses, the prevalence of which is decreased by attractants and increased by repellents. By attaching latex beads to filaments of a S. typhimurium mutant having straight rather than helical flagella, it was established that the… (More)
Burkholderia pseudomallei and B. mallei are bacterial pathogens that cause melioidosis and glanders, whereas their close relative B. thailandensis is non-pathogenic. All use the trimeric autotransporter BimA to facilitate actin-based motility, host cell fusion, and dissemination. Here, we show that BimA orthologs mimic different host actin-polymerizing… (More)
Migrating cells exhibit distinct motility modes and can switch between modes based on chemical or physical cues. Liu et al. and Ruprecht et al. now describe how confinement and contractility influence motility mode plasticity and instigate a mode termed stable bleb migration in embryonic and tumor cells.