Matthew D. Nitz

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Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a highly lethal, poorly understood neoplasm that is typically associated with asbestos exposure. We performed transcriptional profiling using high-density oligonucleotide microarrays containing approximately 22,000 genes to elucidate potential molecular and pathobiological pathways in MPM using discarded human MPM(More)
In bladder cancer, increased caveolin-1 (Cav-1) expression and decreased Src expression and kinase activity correlate with tumor aggressiveness. Here, we investigate the clinical and functional significance, if any, of this reciprocal expression in bladder cancer metastasis. We evaluated the ability of tumor Cav-1 and Src RNA and protein expression to(More)
Ral GTPases are important mediators of transformation, tumorigenesis, and cancer progression. We recently identified the metastasis-associated protein CD24, a glycosyl phosphatidyl inositol-linked surface protein, as a downstream target of Ral signaling by profiling the expression of RalA/B-depleted bladder carcinoma cells. Because CD24 is highly expressed(More)
Hypoxia drives malignant progression in part by promoting accumulation of the oncogenic transcription factor hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in tumor cells. Tumor aggressiveness also relates to elevation of the cancer stem cell-associated membrane protein CD24, which has been causally implicated in tumor formation and metastasis in experimental models.(More)
Overexpression of CD24, a glycosyl phosphatidylinositol-linked sialoglycoprotein, is associated with poor outcome in urothelial carcinoma and contributes to experimental tumor growth and metastasis. However, the requirement for CD24 (Cd24a in mice) in tumorigenesis and spontaneous metastasis from the orthotopic site remains uncharacterized. Using(More)
The Ras-like GTPases RalA and RalB are important drivers of tumour growth and metastasis. Chemicals that block Ral function would be valuable as research tools and for cancer therapeutics. Here we used protein structure analysis and virtual screening to identify drug-like molecules that bind to a site on the GDP-bound form of Ral. The compounds RBC6, RBC8(More)
Little is known about which genes mediate metastasis in bladder cancer, which accounts for much of the mortality of this disease. We used human bladder cancer cell lines to develop models of two clinically common metastatic sites, lung and liver, and evaluated their gene expression with respect to human tumor tissues. Parental cells were injected into(More)
Invasion and metastasis are the critical steps in cancer progression that lead to death from this disease. Intense investigation into the underlying mechanisms of metastasis has revealed a complex set of signaling pathways that regulate the process. Since the mid-1980s, it has been demonstrated that the Rho family of proteins plays a major role in these(More)
OBJECTIVE We have developed a new technique that uses the ratios of select gene expression levels to translate complex genomic data into simple clinically relevant tests for the diagnosis and prognosis of cancer. We determined whether select gene pair ratio combinations can be used to detect and diagnose lung cancer with high accuracy and sensitivity. (More)
RREB1 is an alternatively spliced transcription factor implicated in Ras signaling and cancer. Little is known about the expression of RREB1 isoforms in cell lines or human tumors, or about the clinical relevance of the latter. We have developed tools for IHC of RREB1 protein isoform-specific amplification of RREB1 mRNA and selective knockdown of RREB1(More)