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The purpose of this paper is to prove a conjecture made by Stephen Wolfram in 1985, that an elementary one dimensional cellular automaton known as " Rule 110 " is capable of universal computation. I developed this proof of his conjecture while assisting Stephen Wolfram on research for A New Kind of Science [1]. The purpose of this paper is to prove that one(More)
The pmclient and pmserver programs are used to measure the network traffic conditions between two given nodes on the Planet-Lab network. By running the pmclient program on a Planet-Lab node, and the pmserver program on a corresponding node, the two programs produce a dynamic flow of traffic in the form of UDP packets and optionally IPv4 ICMP echo packets(More)
Estuarine crustaceans are often exposed to low dissolved O2 (hypoxia) accompanied by elevated CO2 (hypercapnia), which lowers water pH. Acclimatory responses to hypoxia have been widely characterized; responses to hypercapnia in combination with hypoxia (hypercapnic hypoxia) are less well known. Here we used oligonucleotide microarrays to characterize(More)
The relationship of scores on sense of coherence with measures of personality traits was assessed using the 29-item Orientation to Life Questionnaire and the Eysenck Personality Inventory. In one group of 95 mixed-sex students scores on Neuroticism bore a highly negative relationship with scores on sense of coherence. Findings support the current literature(More)
Optical see-through head-mounted displays are currently seeing a transition out of research labs towards the consumer-oriented market. However, whilst availability has improved and prices have decreased, the technology has not matured much. Most commercially available optical see-through head mounted displays follow a similar principle and use an optical(More)
Malaria cases attributed to Plasmodium falciparum account for approximately 600,000 deaths yearly, mainly in African children. The gold standard method to diagnose malaria requires the visualization of the parasite in blood. The role of non-invasive diagnostic methods to diagnose malaria remains unclear. A protocol was optimized to deplete highly abundant(More)
The influence of gender on subsets of scores of Sense of Coherence, Hardiness, and personality traits was assessed in relation to psychological well-being using the Sense of Coherence Questionnaire, the Dispositional Resilience Scale, the Eysenck Personality Inventory, and the 12-item General Health Questionnaire. In a sample of Open University students (67(More)
The factor VIII C2 domain is essential for binding to activated platelet surfaces as well as the cofactor activity of factor VIII in blood coagulation. Inhibitory antibodies against the C2 domain commonly develop following factor VIII replacement therapy for hemophilia A patients, or they may spontaneously arise in cases of acquired hemophilia. Porcine(More)