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Inhaled β-agonists are effective airway smooth muscle (ASM)-relaxing agents that help reverse bronchoconstriction in asthma, but their ability to affect the aberrant ASM growth that also occurs with asthma is poorly understood. β-Agonists exhibit PKA-dependent antimitogenic effects in several cell types. However, recent studies suggest that Epac, and not(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of morbidity, mortality, and health care expenditure worldwide. Relaxation of airway smooth muscle with inhaled bronchodilators is the cornerstone of treatment for stable COPD, with inhaled corticosteroids reserved for those with a history of exacerbations. Tiotropium has occupied center stage(More)
BACKGROUND Arformoterol tartrate (arformoterol, 15 μg bid) is a nebulized long-acting β2-agonist approved for maintenance treatment of COPD. METHODS This was a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. Patients (aged ≥ 40 years with baseline FEV1 ≤ 65% predicted, FEV1 > 0.50 L, FEV1/FVC ≤ 70%, and ≥ 15 pack-year smoking history)(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a respiratory syndrome affecting more than 80 million people worldwide and is estimated to become the third-leading cause of death worldwide by 2030. A standard-of-care approach to COPD treatment is multifaceted, including pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapies, yet the optimum combination among(More)
This paper outlines specific tips for those applying to pulmonary and/or critical care medicine fellowship training in the United States using the PAIR-Match steps: preparation, application, interview, ranking, and match. Preparation for fellowship begins long before the application process with an assessment of one's long-term goals (to the extent that(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a serious global health burden. Comprehensive management of COPD includes both pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic interventions aimed at improving disease-related functional capacity, health-related quality of life, and survival. The primary medications used for treatment of COPD are inhaled bronchodilator(More)
RATIONALE Few data have been published regarding scoring tools for selection of postgraduate medical trainee candidates that have wide applicability. OBJECTIVES The authors present a novel scoring tool developed to assist postgraduate programs in generating an institution-specific rank list derived from selected elements of the U.S. Electronic Residency(More)
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