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Rat hepatic stellate cells (HSC) cultured in serum-containing medium underwent a rapid (3-hour) classical induction of p50:p65 and p65:p65 nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) dimers. Subsequent culturing was associated with prolonged expression of active p50:p65 and persistent induction of a high-mobility NF-kappaB DNA binding complex consisting of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Resolution of liver fibrosis is associated with clearance of hepatic myofibroblasts by apoptosis; development of strategies that promote this process in a selective way is therefore important. The aim of this study was to determine whether the inhibitor of kappaB kinase suppressor sulfasalazine stimulates hepatic myofibroblast apoptosis(More)
Gliotoxin has been shown to promote a reversal of liver fibrosis in an animal model of the disease although its mechanism of action in the liver is poorly defined. The effects of gliotoxin on activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and hepatocytes have therefore been examined. Addition of gliotoxin (1.5 microM) to culture-activated HSCs resulted in its(More)
BACKGROUND Activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) to a myofibroblastic phenotype is a key event in liver fibrosis. Identification of transcription factors with activities that are modulated during HSC activation will improve our understanding of the molecular events controlling HSC activation. AIMS To determine if changes in E-box DNA binding(More)
Glucocorticoids are antiinflammatory therapeutics that have potent effects on cell differentiation. The aim of this study was to establish whether systemic glucocorticoid exposure significantly affects pancreatic differentiation in vivo because hepatocyte-like cells have been documented to occur in the diseased rodent pancreas. Expression of hepatic markers(More)
Methapyrilene (MP) is an unusual hepatotoxin in that it causes periportal necrosis in rats. The mechanism of acute methapyrilene hepatotoxicity has, therefore, been investigated in cultured male rat hepatocytes. Addition of methapyrilene to rat hepatocytes resulted in a time- and dose-dependent loss in cell viability between 4 and 8 h of incubation as(More)
Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is a cholestatic liver disease of unknown cause that occurs most frequently in post-menopausal women. Since the female sex hormone oestrogen can be cholestatic, we hypothesised that PBC may be triggered in part by chronic exposure to xenoestrogens (which may be more active on a background of low endogenous oestrogen levels(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play a pivotal role in liver fibrosis and stimulating their apoptosis could be an effective treatment for liver fibrosis. METHODS Activated HSCs, hepatocytes, and rats with liver fibrosis were treated with gliotoxin. RESULTS Addition of gliotoxin to activated (alpha-smooth muscle actin positive) rat and(More)
The commonly observed loss of liver specific phenotype regularly described in rat hepatocyte culture is typified by the loss of total cytochrome P450 (CYP) content and the altered abundance of CYP mRNAs. The current work shows that these changes are preceded by the induction of the mRNA encoding the transcription factor c-jun during the hepatocyte isolation(More)
UNLABELLED Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) due to flucloxacillin is a rare but serious complication of treatment. There is some evidence that flucloxacillin is a human pregnane X receptor (PXR) agonist. This study was designed to investigate the relevance of PXR to flucloxacillin toxicity and to identify genes changing in expression in response to(More)