Matthew C Brennan

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Indoleamines are associated with circadian rhythms in pineal gland and retina. Because the ciliary epithelium has an embryonic origin similar to that of pineal gland and retina, and intraocular pressure shows circadian variations, indoleamines were searched for in aqueous humor and ciliary body in humans. In aqueous humor, serotonin, 6-hydroxymelatonin, and(More)
The "myo-inositol depletion hypothesis" remains a leading but still controversial contender among proposed pathogenetic mechanisms for the chronic complications of diabetes. The multifaceted interrelationships among altered tissue myo-inositol content and metabolism and tissue function have been difficult to elucidate in diabetic animal models due in part(More)
Importance Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) remains almost invariably fatal despite optimal surgical and medical therapy. The association between the extent of tumor resection (EOR) and outcome remains undefined, notwithstanding many relevant studies. Objective To determine whether greater EOR is associated with improved 1- and 2-year overall survival and(More)
Circadian rhythms in serotonin metabolism have been observed in the pineal gland and retina, and there is evidence that the levels of serotonin and melatonin in these tissues may mediate events in the brain's sleep-wake cycle and the retina's cycle of disc shedding. Because the ciliary epithelium, which produces aqueous humor, has an embryonic origin(More)
It has been postulated that serotonergic receptors are present in the corneal epithelium and that their activation by serotonin released from subepithelial corneal nerves raises the level of cyclic AMP, which in turn stimulates active CI-secretion by the corneal epithelium. We looked for serotonin in tears because these bathe the corneal epithelium.(More)
Sorafenib, the first agent developed to target BRAF mutant melanoma, is a multi-kinase inhibitor that was approved by the FDA for therapy of kidney and subsequently liver cancer, and is currently in clinical trials for thyroid, lung and brain cancer. Colorectal cancer with V600E BRAF mutation has shown relative resistance to standard chemotherapy regimens,(More)
Dopamine is known to stimulate ion transport in the corneal epithelium. Since epithelium is in contact with tears, we searched for dopamine and its metabolites in tears. Twenty normal subjects participated in this study. Twenty microliters of tears were collected in capillary tubes after trigeminal stimulation and immediately analyzed using high-performance(More)
Efforts to grow differentiated pigment epithelial cells have led to a characterization of the growth kinetics of spontaneously established, continuously growing, human retinal pigment epithelial (PE) cell line 0041 on several biomatrices. These substrates were prepared from (a) placental and amniotic membrane, (b) commercially available basement membrane(More)
We present the case of a 62-year-old-man with moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma of the rectum. This patient underwent neoadjuvant chemoradiation and surgical resection followed by adjuvant chemotherapy. After completing therapy, this patient had 2 instances of CEA elevation, both of which preceded the discovery of recurrent disease. While on(More)
Nineteen patients with laryngeal lesions each underwent diagnostic studies consisting of laryngoscopy and computed tomography (CT). Sixteen patients had linear tomography and coronal and sagittal reconstruction of their transaxial CT images. The results of each examination were compared with the surgical and pathological findings to assess their relative(More)