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Rhodococcus sp. strain RHA1, a soil bacterium related to Mycobacterium tuberculosis, degrades an exceptionally broad range of organic compounds. Transcriptomic analysis of cholesterol-grown RHA1 revealed a catabolic pathway predicted to proceed via 4-androstene-3,17-dione and 3,4-dihydroxy-9,10-seconandrost-1,3,5(10)-triene-9,17-dione (3,4-DHSA).(More)
Mycolic acids represent a major component of the unique cell wall of mycobacteria. Mycolic acid biosynthesis is inhibited by isoniazid, a key frontline antitubercular drug that is inactivated by mycobacterial and human arylamine N-acetyltransferase (NAT). We show that an in-frame deletion of Mycobacterium bovis BCG nat results in delayed entry into log(More)
Mycobacterium bovis BCG and Mycobacterium tuberculosis possess a single arylamine N-acetyltransferase whose gene is predicted to occur within a six-gene operon. Deletion of the nat gene caused an extended lag phase in M. bovis BCG and a cell morphology associated with an altered pattern of cell wall mycolates. Analysis of cDNA from M. bovis BCG shows that(More)
New anti-tubercular drugs and drug targets are urgently needed to reduce the time for treatment and also to identify agents that will be effective against Mycobacterium tuberculosis persisting intracellularly. Mycobacteria have a unique cell wall. Deletion of the gene for arylamine N-acetyltransferase (NAT) decreases mycobacterial cell wall lipids,(More)
Arylamine N-acetyltransferase (NAT) enzymes are widespread in nature. They serve to acetylate xenobiotics and/or endogenous substrates using acetyl coenzyme A (CoA) as a cofactor. Conservation of the architecture of the NAT enzyme family from mammals to bacteria has been demonstrated by a series of prokaryotic NAT structures, together with the recently(More)
The synthesis and inhibitory potencies of a novel series of β-amino alcohols, based on the hit-compound 3-[3'-(4''-cyclopent-2'''-en-1'''-ylphenoxy)-2'-hydroxypropyl]-5,5 dimethylimidazolidine-2,4-dione as specific inhibitors of mycobacterial N-acetyltransferase (NAT) enzymes are reported. Effects of synthesised compounds on growth of Mycobacterium(More)
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