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Quantitative analysis of potent opiate drugs in plasma by radioimmunoassay is potentially inaccurate because of the occurrence of cross-reacting metabolites. This paper describes the chemical synthesis of buprenorphine-3-O-glucuronide, a metabolite of buprenorphine, and an extraction procedure coupled with radioimmunoassay which allows the sensitive and(More)
Plasma concentrations after intravenous morphine were measured by a specific radioimmunoassay method in patients undergoing renal transplantation and in control subjects. In both transplant patients and controls, plasma morphine fell in the first 10 min, but there was no significant further fall in the transplant patients until between 3 and 5 hr, when(More)
Analysis of morphine in plasma by radioimmunoassay is complicated by interference from morphine metabolites, particularly morphine-3-glucuronide. This interference makes radioimmunoassay a poor technique to study the pharmacokinetics of morphine in man. The method described here is one which uses commercially available anti-morphine antiserum and separating(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to evaluate the long-term speech intelligibility of young deaf children after cochlear implantation. STUDY DESIGN The study design was a prospective study following a large group of consecutively implanted deaf children with up to 5 years' cochlear implant use. SETTING The study was conducted at a pediatric tertiary referral(More)
The rectal carriage of glycopeptide-resistant Enterococcus spp. (GRE) had been established at approximately 50% in a series of prevalence studies on a busy haematological malignancy unit. The aim of this study was to reduce the chance of patients acquiring GRE. A prospective three-phase sequential study was performed. In Phase 1, the acquisition rate of GRE(More)
1 A 10 h study of plasma drug concentrations of the opiate buprenorphine after use was designed because a previous 3 h study had shown that peak plasma drug concentrations in some patients had not occurred by 3 h after the sublingual dose. 2 Fifteen postoperative patients were studied: at 3 h after a 0.3 mg intravenous dose five patients received a(More)
Nine patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass surgery were given either 2 mg diamorphine or 2.5 mg morphine by intrathecal injection. Spinal fluid (sf) samples were collected over 25 min and drug concentrations measured by HPLC. Concentrations in sf were about 4000 times as great as after 1 mg/kg IV morphine. The kinetic properties of morphine and heroin(More)
Intravenous morphine infusions were given to 20 patients in the intensive-care unit to provide sedation and analgesia. In 10 of the patients renal impairment was already present or developed during intensive care. Plasma morphine concentrations for a given dose of morphine and morphine clearance depended on renal function; dose-related plasma morphine(More)