Learn More
A series of novel 5-arylidene-2-thioxoimidazolidin-4-ones were investigated as inhibitors of the lymphocyte-expressed pore-forming protein perforin. Structure-activity relationships were explored through variation of an isoindolinone or 3,4-dihydroisoquinolinone subunit on a fixed 2-thioxoimidazolidin-4-one/thiophene core. The ability of the resulting(More)
Numerous authors have demonstrated that the dorsal column nuclear complex (DCN) is functionally heterogeneous and has multiple terminal targets throughout the neuroaxis. In order to increase understanding of the functional significance of DCN's divergent connections, the present study used single and double light microscopic retrograde tracing strategies in(More)
The potential neuroanatomical specificity of astrocyte influence on neurite outgrowth was studied using an in vitro coculture system in which neurons from embryonic rat spinal cord or hippocampus were grown for 4 days in the presence of, but not in direct contact with, astrocytes derived either from the same region (homotopic coculture) or from different(More)
The behavioural symptoms in a 10-year-old boy with Lesch-Nyhan syndrome were effectively ameliorated by the behavior therapy techniques of systematic desensitization and extinction. Therapy was undertaken in a highly controlled environment. The hypothesis that the self-destructive behaviours in this syndrome were voluntary and maintained through continuous(More)
This paper presents a context-based analysis of the intervals between different speakers' utterances in a corpus of task-oriented dialogue (the Human Communication Research Centre's Map Task Corpus. See Anderson et al. 1991). In the analysis, we assessed the relationship between inter-speaker intervals and various contextual factors, such as the effects of(More)
It has been suggested (e.g. by Couper-Kuhlen) that the timing of turn-taking is coordinated by a perception of isochrony in a speaker's utterance. Next-speakers subconsciously pick up the rhythm of current-speakers' utterances, and time their entry to the oor so that the rst prominent syllable in their turn coincides with thèbeat' that was set up(More)
The dorsal column nuclei (DCN) project to a number of targets in the nervous system besides the ventroposterolateral nucleus (VPL) of the thalamus. Recent evidence obtained using double-labeling techniques indicates that DCN's diencephalic-projecting neurons differ in their location and morphology from those that project to some of its other targets, such(More)
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is widely used in the biological sciences. Despite 25 years of technical developments, two popular modes of bioAFM, imaging and single molecule force spectroscopy, remain hindered by relatively poor force precision and stability. Recently, we achieved both sub-pN force precision and stability under biologically useful(More)
Enhancing the short-term force precision of atomic force microscopy (AFM) while maintaining excellent long-term force stability would result in improved performance across multiple AFM modalities, including single molecule force spectroscopy (SMFS). SMFS is a powerful method to probe the nanometer-scale dynamics and energetics of biomolecules (DNA, RNA, and(More)
Force drift is a significant, yet unresolved, problem in atomic force microscopy (AFM). We show that the primary source of force drift for a popular class of cantilevers is their gold coating, even though they are coated on both sides to minimize drift. Drift of the zero-force position of the cantilever was reduced from 900 nm for gold-coated cantilevers to(More)