Matthew B. V. Bell

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Field observations and acoustic analyses have shown that suricate (Suricata suricatta) alarm calls vary in their acoustic structure depending on predator type. In this study, we tested whether receivers respond appropriately when hearing a call in the absence of a predator. Although the only way for suricates to escape from predators is to retreat to(More)
Audience effects are increasingly recognized as an important aspect of intraspecific communication. Yet despite the common occurrence of interspecific interactions and considerable evidence that individuals respond to the calls of heterospecifics, empirical evidence for interspecific audience effects on signalling behaviour is lacking. Here we present(More)
Variation in the intensity of conspicuous displays raises three basic questions: (i) the relationship between internal state and display intensity, (ii) the relationship between display intensity and receiver response, and (iii) the effect of variation in receiver responsiveness on signaller behaviour. Here, I investigate the interaction between pups and(More)
Considerable research has focused on understanding variation in reproductive skew in cooperative animal societies, but the pace of theoretical development has far outstripped empirical testing of the models. One major class of model suggests that dominant individuals can use the threat of eviction to deter subordinate reproduction (the 'restraint' model),(More)
Many foraging animals face a fundamental tradeoff between predation and starvation. In a range of social species, this tradeoff has probably driven the evolution of sentinel behavior, where individuals adopt prominent positions to watch for predators while groupmates forage. Although there has been much debate about whether acting as a sentinel is a selfish(More)
An examination of the positions and redshifts of the compact, QSO-like objects reported near the Seyfert 2 galaxy NGC 1068 has revealed many relationships that suggest strongly that the objects have been ejected from the galaxy. Although some of the same relations have been found for the compact objects near NGC 3516, the higher number of sources near NGC(More)
In all social species, information relevant to survival and reproduction can be obtained in two main ways: through personal interaction with the environment (i.e. 'personal' information) and from the performance of others (i.e. 'public' information). While public information is less costly to obtain than personal information, it may be inappropriate or(More)
Two consecutive rotational transitions of the long cyanopolyyne HC 11 N, J = 39 → 38 and 38 → 37, have been detected in the cold dust cloud TMC-1 at the frequencies expected from recent laboratory measurements by Travers et al. (1996), and at about the expected intensities. The astronomical lines have a mean radial velocity of 5.8(1) km s −1