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Visual-spatial attention is an essential brain function that enables us to select and preferentially process high priority information in the visual fields. Several brain areas have been shown to participate in the control of spatial attention in humans, but little is known about the underlying selection mechanisms. Non-invasive scalp recordings of(More)
The neural mechanisms of hierarchical stimulus processing were investigated using a combined event-related potentials (ERPs) and positron emission tomography (PET) approach. Healthy subjects were tested under two conditions that involved selective or divided attention between local and global levels of hierarchical letter stimuli in order to determine(More)
Electromagnetic indices of "fast" (above 12 Hz) oscillating brain activity are much more likely to be considerably attenuated by time-averaging across multiple trials than "slow" (below 12 Hz) oscillating brain activity. To the extent that both types of oscillations represent the activity of temporally and topographically separable neural populations, time(More)
Episodic memory encoding and distinctiveness detection were examined using event-related potentials (ERP) in a single-trial word list learning paradigm with free recall following distraction. To manipulate distinctiveness, encoding of high- and very low-frequency words was contrasted. Amplitudes of the N400 and late positive component (LPC) were larger for(More)
In a double-blind placebo-controlled randomized study the influence of a cholinergic nootropic (WEB 1881 FU) on event-related brain potentials (ERPs) related to memory performance was investigated. Two different encoding modes were imposed on the subjects, who had to memorize word lists. No significant drug effects were obtained on memory performance and(More)
An emerging nosocomial pathogen, Stenotrophomonas maltophila has a high mortality rate in those it infects. Here, we present the complete genome sequence of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia 810-2 (ATCC 13637), the type strain of the species. The 5-Mb (66.1% G+C content) genome has been deposited in NCBI under accession number CP008838.
Neural activity associated with recognition memory was investigated using magnetencephalography (MEG) in healthy young subjects. At sensor sites overlying frontal and temporoparietal cortices, magnetic evoked fields (MEFs) revealed a difference between studied and unstudied stimuli, which onset about 400 ms following stimulus onset and lasted about 600 ms.(More)
The role of the fornix for episodic memory processing is still a matter of controversy. A juvenile patient of average post-surgical intelligence with fornical damage due to tumor removal is described. The fornix was damaged bilaterally at the level of the fornical columns. The patient thereafter suffered major anterograde amnesia which was most pronounced(More)
The second part of this study deals with the behavioral und event-related potential (ERP) findings from the recognition phase of incidental and intentional learning paradigms. Correctly recognized old items were characterized by a significantly more positive ERP in the 400 to 800 ms range when compared to correctly identified new items. Furthermore old(More)