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Prior work demonstrates that AKT activity regulates sensitivity of cells to G(1) arrest induced by mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors such as rapamycin and CCI-779. To investigate this, a novel high-throughput microarray polysome analysis was performed to identify genes whose mRNA translational efficiency was differentially affected following(More)
In renal cell carcinomas (RCC), NF-kappaB blockade is required for maximal bortezomib-induced apoptosis, and expression of the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) tumor suppressor protein downregulates NF-kappaB. Thus, we hypothesized that expression of wild-type (wt) VHL sensitizes RCC cells to bortezomib by reducing constitutive NF-kappaB activity. Using isogenic(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) was found in the bone marrow dendritic cells of multiple myeloma patients but not in malignant plasma cells or bone marrow dendritic cells from normal individuals or patients with other malignancies. In addition the virus was detected in the bone marrow dendritic cells from two out of eight patients with(More)
Primary effusion lymphomas (PELs) are a rare type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that are resistant to cytotoxic chemotherapy. PELs manifest constitutive activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB), and inhibition of NF-kappaB induces apoptosis of PELs and sensitizes to tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-induced death.(More)
The critical downstream signaling consequences contributing to renal cancer as a result of loss of the tumor suppressor gene von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) have yet to be fully elucidated. Here, we report that VHL loss results in an epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT). In studies of paired isogenic cell lines, VHL silencing increased the levels of(More)
Our group has shown in a phase II clinical trial that pomegranate juice (PJ) increases prostate specific antigen (PSA) doubling time in prostate cancer (CaP) patients with a rising PSA. Ellagitannins (ETs) are the most abundant polyphenols present in PJ and contribute greatly towards its reported biological properties. On consumption, ETs hydrolyze to(More)
Biallelic inactivating mutations of the von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor gene (VHL) are a hallmark of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC), the most common histologic subtype of RCC. Biallelic VHL loss results in accumulation of hypoxia-inducible factor alpha (HIFalpha). Restoring expression of the wild-type protein encoded by VHL (pVHL) in tumors with(More)
p120-catenin (p120ctn) plays a major role in cell adhesion and motility through the regulation of E-cadherin and interaction with RhoGTPase and Rac1. p120ctn is downregulated in several malignancies including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Here, we investigated transcriptional regulation of p120ctn in NSCLC. We cloned a 1,400-bp amplicon of chromosome(More)
BACKGROUND Bone metastases typically are associated with osteolytic bone destruction, resulting in bone pain, pathologic fractures, spinal cord compression, and hypercalcemia. Bisphosphonates are potent inhibitors of normal and pathologic bone resorption and represent a significant therapeutic improvement in the management of patients with lytic bone(More)
The Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) encodes a FADD-like interferon converting enzyme or caspase 8 (FLICE) inhibitory protein (vFLIP) that prevents death receptor-mediated apoptosis by inhibiting the recruitment and activation of FLICE. Since vFLIP physically interacts with tumor necrosis factor receptor associated factor 2 (TRAF2) and TRAF2(More)