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—Leaf mass per area (M A) is a central ecological trait that is intercorrelated with leaf life span, photosynthetic rate, nutrient concentration, and palatability to herbivores. These coordinated variables form a globally convergent leaf economics spectrum, which represents a general continuum running from rapid resource acquisition to maximized resource(More)
PURPOSE We previously showed that 75% of radiation therapy (RT) failures in patients with unresectable esophageal cancer are in the gross tumor volume (GTV). We performed a planning study to evaluate if a simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) technique could selectively deliver a boost dose of radiation to the GTV in patients with esophageal cancer. METHODS(More)
PURPOSE Proton beam therapy (PBT) is a promising modality for the management of thoracic malignancies. We report our preliminary experience of treating esophageal cancer patients with concurrent chemotherapy (CChT) and PBT (CChT/PBT) at MD Anderson Cancer Center. METHODS AND MATERIALS This is an analysis of 62 esophageal cancer patients enrolled on a(More)
BACKGROUND Improvement in radiotherapy during the past decades has made the risk of developing a radiation-induced secondary cancer as a result of dose to normal tissue a highly relevant survivorship issue. Important factors expected to influence secondary cancer risk include dose level and dose heterogeneity, as well as gender and type of tissue(More)
PURPOSE We have previously found that ≤ 75% of treatment failures after chemoradiotherapy for unresectable esophageal cancer appear within the gross tumor volume and that intensity-modulated (photon) radiotherapy (IMRT) might allow dose escalation to the tumor without increasing normal tissue toxicity. Proton therapy might allow additional dose escalation,(More)
BACKGROUND A strong dose-volume relationship exists between the amount of small bowel receiving low- to intermediate-doses of radiation and the rates of acute, severe gastrointestinal toxicity, principally diarrhea. There is considerable interest in the application of highly conformal treatment approaches, such as intensity-modulated radiation therapy(More)
PURPOSE While trimodality therapy for esophageal cancer has improved patient outcomes, surgical complication rates remain high. The goal of this study was to identify modifiable factors associated with postoperative complications after neoadjuvant chemoradiation. METHODS AND MATERIALS From 1998 to 2011, 444 patients were treated at our institution with(More)
PURPOSE To assess the accuracy and dosimetric consequences of defining a surrogate urethra at the geometric center of the prostate in postimplant CT scans. METHODS AND MATERIALS Eighty postimplant CT scans were obtained with a Foley catheter in place at Day 0 and at 1 month for 40 patients who had undergone (125)I prostate brachytherapy. The percentage of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Options are limited for patients with intrathoracic recurrence of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who previously received radiation. We report our 5-year experience with the toxicity and efficacy of proton beam therapy (PBT) for reirradiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-three patients underwent PBT reirradiation for(More)
Proton beam therapy (PBT) offers the potential of dose escalation to target tissue while decreasing toxicity through unique physical dose deposition characteristics. PBT has been used to treat prostate cancer for several decades; however, recent enhancements in availability and treatment delivery have peaked interest in this technology among radiation(More)