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The poor prognosis of patients with malignant gliomas necessitates the development of novel therapies. Virotherapy, using genetically engineered adenovectors that selectively replicate in and kill neoplastic cells, represents one such strategy. In this study, we examined several oncolytic vectors with modified transcriptional and transductional control of(More)
Adenoviral oncolytic virotherapy represents an attractive treatment modality for central nervous system (CNS) neoplasms. However, successful application of virotherapy in clinical trials has been hampered by inadequate distribution of oncolytic vectors. Neural stem cells (NSCs) have been shown as suitable vehicles for gene delivery because they track tumor(More)
Malignant gliomas represent one of the most aggressive forms of brain cancer. Recent advances in the understanding of the deregulated molecular pathways of gliomas have brought about targeted therapies that have the ability to increase therapeutic efficacy in tumors while decreasing toxicity. Multi-targeted kinase inhibitors, novel monoclonal antibodies,(More)
Gene therapy represents a promising treatment alternative for patients with malignant gliomas. Nevertheless, in the setting of these highly infiltrative tumors, transgene delivery remains a challenge. Indeed, viral vehicles tested in clinical trials often target only those tumor cells that are adjacent to the injection site. In this study, we examined the(More)
Cancer stem cells (CSC) are a very small subset of all cancer cells and possess characteristics very similar to normal stem cells, in particular, the capacity for self-renewal, multipotency and relative quiescence. These chemo- and radiation resistant cells are responsible for maintaining tumor volume leading to therapy failure and recurrence. In(More)
To improve the efficacy and selectivity of virotherapy for malignant glioma, we designed a strategy to amplify adenoviral replication in conjunction with radiotherapy using a radioinducible promoter. First, we compared the radiation-inducible activity of FLT-1, vascular endothelial growth factor, DR5, Cox2, and survivin. We then examined the capacity of the(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme is a primary malignancy of the central nervous system that is universally fatal due to its disseminated nature. Recent investigations have focused on the unique tumor-tropic properties of stem cells as a novel platform for targeted delivery of anticancer agents to the brain. Neural stem cells (NSCs) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs)(More)
Malignant glioma, in particular glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), represents one of the most devastating cancers currently known and existing treatment regimens do little to change patient prognosis. Conditionally replicating adenoviral vectors (CRAds) represent attractive experimental anti-cancer agents with potential for clinical application. However, early(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant gliomas remain refractory to Ad5-mediated gene therapy due to deficiency of the coxsackie adenovirus receptor on tumor cells. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether changes in adenoviral tropism can enhance gene transfer in the context of malignant glioma. METHODS We have identified several receptors that are over-expressed(More)
Oncolytic adenoviral virotherapy is an attractive treatment modality for cancer. However, following intratumoral injections, oncolytic viruses fail to efficiently migrate away from the injection site and are rapidly cleared by the immune system. We have previously demonstrated enhanced viral delivery and replicative persistence in vivo using human bone(More)