Matthew A Lovell

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Acute enteric infections caused by salmonellas remain a major public health burden worldwide. Poultry, particularly chickens, are known to be the main reservoir for this zoonotic pathogen. Although some progress has been made in reducing Salmonella colonization of broiler chickens by using biosecurity and antimicrobials, it still remains a considerable(More)
A lytic bacteriophage, which was previously isolated from sewage and which attaches to the K1 capsular antigen, has been used to prevent septicemia and a meningitis-like infection in chickens caused by a K1+ bacteremic strain of Escherichia coli. Protection was obtained even when administration of the phage was delayed until signs of disease appeared. The(More)
Considerable and reproducible differences were observed in the amount and duration of faecal excretion when in-bred lines of chickens were infected orally with S. enterica serovar Typhimurium at 6 weeks of age after being given a gut flora preparation when newly hatched. Similar but less pronounced results were observed with S. Enteritidis or S. Infantis.(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS How mutations are established and spread through the human stomach is unclear because the clonal structure of gastric mucosal units is unknown. Here we investigate, using mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations as a marker of clonal expansion, the clonality of the gastric unit and show how mutations expand in normal mucosa and gastric mucosa(More)
By experimental infection, host-specific Salmonella serotypes were shown to demonstrate specificities for chickens, mice, and other laboratory animals. Following oral inoculation, four strains of Salmonella gallinarum and two S. pullorum strains, isolated from diseased poultry, were more virulent for chickens than for mice. By contrast, four strains each of(More)
The virulence of Salmonella typhimurium strains for day-old chickens was examined. The mortality following oral inoculation varied from 0 to 100 per cent. Some breeds were more susceptible than others. There was no correlation between oral and parenteral virulence. Pathogenesis studies associated with one of the most virulent strains suggested that, after(More)
The pattern of global gene expression in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium bacteria harvested from the chicken intestinal lumen (cecum) was compared with that of a late-log-phase LB broth culture using a whole-genome microarray. Levels of transcription, translation, and cell division in vivo were lower than those in vitro. S. Typhimurium appeared to(More)
The transcriptional changes that occurred in Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis during colonization of the alimentary tract of newly hatched chickens were studied. A whole genome oligonucleotide microarray was used to compare the expression pattern with that from bacteria cultured in nutrient broth in vitro. Amongst other changes Salmonella(More)
Chickens were inoculated intravenously with 10(5) or 10(6) organisms. Heavy infection of the ovaries occurred and some infection persisted in this organ for several weeks. Most of the ovarian infections were confined to the interstitial tissues and not to the yolk contained in the large follicles. Infections of the ovary did not result from contamination(More)
Bacteriophages lytic for Salmonella typhimurium were isolated in considerable numbers from chickens experimentally infected with S. typhimurium, and in much lower numbers from the chicken feed. Lytic phages were also regularly isolated from human sewerage systems. One of these was used to inoculate S. typhimurium--infected two day-old chickens orally and(More)