Matthew A. Connors

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Angiogenesis, or new blood vessel growth, is a key process in the development of synovial inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Integral to this pathologic proliferation are proinflammatory cytokines. We hypothesized a role for IL-18 as an angiogenic mediator in RA. We examined the effect of human IL-18 on human microvascular endothelial cell (HMVEC)(More)
Angiogenesis is an important aspect of the vasculoproliferation found in the rheumatoid arthritic (RA) pannus. We have previously implicated members of the CXC chemokine family as potent angiogenic mediators in RA. We investigated the possibility that the sole member of the CX(3)C chemokine family, fractalkine (fkn), induces angiogenesis and that fkn might(More)
Angiopoietins (Ang) are vascular endothelial cell-specific growth factors that play important roles principally during the later stages of angiogenesis. We have compared the distribution of the receptor tyrosine kinase (Tie) and the Ang ligands in synovial tissues from normal subjects and those with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA).(More)
IL-4 is a cytokine with anti-inflammatory properties on activated macrophages. Rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune inflammatory disease, is characterized by a paucity of IL-4 and an abundance of synovial macrophage-derived mediators. Herein, the effect of a single injection of adenovirus-producing rat IL-4 (AxCAIL-4) or a control virus with no inserted gene(More)
OBJECTIVE Angiogenesis, the growth of new blood vessels, is vital to the ingress of inflammatory leukocytes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial tissue and to the growth and proliferation of RA pannus. The factors that mediate the growth of new blood vessels have not been completely defined. This study examined the ability of Glu-Leu-Arg (ELR)-containing(More)
Culture of the postimplantation rat conceptus in hyperglycemic medium causes developmental abnormalities and is associated with a diminished water-soluble myo-inositol content. We investigated the effect myo-inositol depletion has on lipid-soluble phosphoinositides, precursors, and water-soluble inositol phosphates. Rat conceptuses were cultured from(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease characterized by synovial pannus formation, leukocyte infiltration, and angiogenesis. Adenoviral production of interleukin-13 (IL-13) reduces levels of proinflammatory mediators in an explant model of RA synovial tissue in vitro. To assess this approach in an animal model of arthritis,(More)
Pseudomonas ATCC 17483 produced enzymes for naphthalene metabolism when growing in a medium containing succinate and naphthalene. Mutants for naphthalene metabolism produced by treatment with N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine were able to produce these enzymes only when the metabolic pathway was intact as far as salicylaldehyde, which was therefore(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an aggressive inflammatory disease in which chemokines are thought to recruit leukocytes and induce angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of sulfasalazine (SASP) and its metabolites, sulfapyridine (SP), and 5-aminosalicylic acid (5ASA) on chemokine production by RA synovial tissue explants and(More)
A rapid method beginning with the direct lysis of bacteria in alkaline sodium dodecyl sulfate was used to detect naphthalene plasmids in pseudomonads. The strains NCIB 9816, PG, ATCC 17483, and ATCC 17484, which can grow on naphthalene as the sole source of carbon and energy, were examined. All except ATCC 17483 contained more than one plasmid. ATCC 17483(More)