Matthew A. Austin

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In a community-based study of 301 subjects from 61 nuclear families, two distinct phenotypes (denoted A and B) were identified by nondenaturing gradient gel electrophoretic analysis of low density lipoprotein (LDL) subclasses. Phenotype A was characterized by predominance of large, buoyant LDL particles, and phenotype B consisted of a major peak of small,(More)
The genetic basis of familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) has eluded investigators for 20 years, despite the apparent segregation of FCHL as an autosomal dominant disorder affecting 1% to 2% of individuals. Etiologic heterogeneity and additive effects of traits controlled by other genetic loci have been suggested. Two traits have been implicated in FCHL.(More)
Hepatic triglyceride lipase (HL) is thought to play a role in the formation of low density lipoproteins (LDLs) from small very low density lipoproteins (VLDLs) and intermediate density lipoproteins (IDLs). To analyze the possible physiological role of HL in determining LDL buoyancy, size, and chemical composition, HL activity and LDL were studied in 21(More)
The insulin resistance syndrome (IRS) is characterized by a constellation of interrelated coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors, including dyslipidemia, obesity, central obesity, elevated systolic blood pressure, and hyperinsulinemia. Factor analysis was used to investigate the clustering of these risk factors in individuals by examining the(More)
Numerous studies have demonstrated genetic influences on levels of coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors, but there also may be genetic effects on the intraindividual variation in these risk factors over time. Changes in risk factors are likely to reflect genetic-environmental interactions and may have important implications for understanding CHD risk.(More)
BACKGROUND A preponderance of small, dense LDL particles, elevated levels of plasma triglycerides (TG), and low levels of HDL characterize the atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype, which is associated with increased coronary artery disease (CAD) risk. Genetic and environmental factors influence LDL size, cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) being one of(More)
A predominance of small, dense, low density lipoprotein (LDL) particles has consistently been associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) in young and middle-aged subjects in cross-sectional studies. Recently, 3 prospective, case-control studies showed that decreased LDL size is a predictor of CHD in middle-aged subjects. However, it is not known whether(More)