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OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were to assess the spectrum of liver disease occurring in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), primarily the incidence, clinical course and outcome of lupus hepatitis (LH). METHODS The records of 283 SLE out-patients referred to our Unit between 1994 and 2008 were reviewed to identify clinical or laboratory evidence of(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the progress in the field of MHC-related genetic susceptibility to Behçet's disease (BD). METHOD Systematic review of the English literature between 1 January 1980 and 31 January 2010 using Medline. Case-control, population-based, observational cohort studies investigating the association between BD and HLA-B*51 subtypes, classical and(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to develop and validate an algorithm to assist the attribution of neuropsychiatric (NP) events to underlying disease in SLE patients. METHODS Phase 1 identified and categorized candidate items to be included in the algorithm for the attribution of an NP event to SLE and their relative weights through a(More)
OBJECTIVES HLA-B*27:05 is associated with AS whereas HLA-B*27:09 is not associated. We hypothesized that different interactions with KIR immune receptors could contribute to the difference in disease association between HLA-B*27:05 and HLAB*27:09. Thus, the objective of this study was to compare the formation of β2m-free heavy chain (FHC) including B27(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyse risk factors and comorbidities potentially associated with CNS involvement in a large cohort of Italian patients affected by SLE. METHODS A number of generic (not strictly SLE related) and specific (disease related) risk factors to which all patients have been exposed in the span of 5 years before the first neuropsychiatric (NP) event(More)
INTRODUCTION Microcirculation dysfunction is a typical feature of systemic sclerosis (SSc) and represents the earliest abnormality of primary myocardial involvement. We assessed coronary microcirculation status by combining two functional tests in SSc patients and estimating its impact on disease outcome. METHODS Forty-one SSc patients, asymptomatic for(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this paper is to evaluate hospital admissions in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients through a retrospective population-based study analyzing hospitalization data during 2001-2012 in Sardinia, an Italian region with universal health system coverage. METHODS Data on the hospital discharge records with the ICD-9-CM code(More)
The use of biologic drugs has been linked with the paradoxical development of systemic and organ specific autoimmune processes. The aim of this study was to describe the features of biologics-induced autoimmune renal disorders (AIRD) through a systematic review and a cohort study of 707 adult patients affected with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), Ankylosing(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of, and identify factors associated with, hand and wrist US alterations in a large cohort of SLE patients. METHODS One hundred and eight consecutive SLE patients were recruited and classified according to arthropathy type and the musculoskeletal item of the British Isles Lupus Assessment Group (BILAG) 2004 score. US(More)