Matteo Monchiero

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We expect that many-core microprocessors will push performance per chip from the 10 gigaflop to the 10 teraflop range in the coming decade. To support this increased performance, memory and inter-core bandwidths will also have to scale by orders of magnitude. Pin limitations, the energy cost of electrical signaling, and the non-scalability of chip-length(More)
Simulation has historically been the primary technique used for evaluating the performance of new proposals in computer architecture. Speed and complexity considerations have traditionally limited its applicability to single-thread processors running application-level code. This is no longer sufficient to model modern multicore systems running the complex(More)
In this paper we introduce CACTI-D, a significant enhancement of CACTI 5.0. CACTI-D adds support for modeling of commodity DRAM technology and support for main memory DRAM chip organization. CACTI-D enables modeling of the complete memory hierarchy with consistent models all the way from SRAM based L1 caches through main memory DRAMs on DIMMs. We illustrate(More)
This paper presents a new attack against a software implementation of the Advanced Encryption Standard. The attack aims at flushing elements of the SBOX from the cache, thus inducing a cache miss during the encryption phase. The power trace is then used to detect when the cache miss occurs; if the miss happens in the first round of the AES then the(More)
While modern processors offer a wide spectrum of software-controlled power modes, most datacenters only rely on dynamic voltage and frequency scaling (DVFS, a.k.a. P-states) to achieve energy efficiency. This paper argues that, in the case of datacenter workloads, DVFS is not the only option for processor power management. We make the case for per-core(More)
Multicore architectures are ruling the recent microprocessor design trend. This is due to different reasons: better performance, thread-level parallelism bounds in modern applications, ILP diminishing returns, better thermal/power scaling (many small cores dissipate less than a large and complex one); and, ease and reuse of design.This paper presents a(More)
Multimedia applications, and in particular the encoding and decoding of standard image and video formats, are usually a typical target for systems-on-chip (SoC). The bi-dimensional discrete cosine transformation (2D-DCT) is a commonly used frequency transformation in graphic compression algorithms. Many hardware implementations, adopting disparate(More)
Multiprocessor system-on-chip (MP-SoC) platforms represent an emerging trend for embedded multimedia applications. To enable MP-SoC platforms, scalable communication-centric interconnect fabrics, such as networks-on-chip (NoC), have been recently proposed. The shared memory represents one of the key elements in designing MP-SoCs, since its function is to(More)
This paper proposes a novel methodology to efficiently simulate shared-memory multiprocessors composed of hundreds of cores. The basic idea is to use thread-level parallelism in the software system and translate it into corelevel parallelism in the simulated world. To achieve this, we first augment an existing full-system simulator to identify and separate(More)
This paper explores optimization techniques of the synchronization mechanisms for MPSoCs based on complex interconnect (Network-on-Chip), targeted at future mobile systems. We suggest the architecture of the memory controller optimized to minimize synchronization overhead. The proposed solution is based on the idea of performing synchronization operations(More)