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Tryptase is a serine protease secreted by mast cells that is able to activate other cells. In the present studies we have tested whether these responses could be mediated by thrombin receptors or PAR-2, two G-protein-coupled receptors that are activated by proteolysis. When added to a peptide corresponding to the N terminus of PAR-2, tryptase cleaved the(More)
The recent identification of two new thrombin receptors, PAR3 and PAR4, led us to re-examine the basis for endothelial cell responses to thrombin. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) are known to express PAR1 and the trypsin/tryptase receptor, PAR2. Northern blots detected both of those receptors and, to a lesser extent, PAR3, but PAR4 message(More)
Human endothelial cells express thrombin receptors and PAR-2, the two known members of the family of protease-activated G protein-coupled receptors. Because previous studies have shown that the biology of the human thrombin receptor varies according to the cell in which it is expressed, we have taken advantage of the presence of both receptors in(More)
Recombinant monocyte-chemotactic and activating factor (rMCAF; alternative acronyms MCP-1, TDCF, human JE) induced migration of human monocytes across polycarbonate or nitrocellulose filters. Maximal induction of migration was observed at a concentration of 10 ng/ml (10(-9) M). Checkerboard analysis revealed that rMCAF elicited true gradient-dependent(More)
Platelet responses to thrombin are at least partly mediated by a G-protein-coupled receptor whose NH2 terminus is a substrate for thrombin. In the present studies we have examined the location of thrombin receptors in resting platelets and followed their redistribution during platelet activation. The results reveal several new aspects of thrombin receptor(More)
Extracellular proteases can trigger intracellular events via at least two members of the super-family of G protein coupled receptors: the thrombin receptor and PAR-2. The two receptors have a similar structure, share a common mechanism of activation and may have arisen by gene duplication, but there are differences as well as similarities in their tissue(More)
The four PAR family members are G protein coupled receptors that are normally activated by proteolytic exposure of an occult tethered ligand. Three of the family members are thrombin receptors. The fourth (PAR2) is not activated by thrombin, but can be activated by other proteases, including trypsin, tryptase and Factor Xa. This review focuses on recent(More)
Cathepsin G is a neutrophil-derived protease that has been shown to inhibit the effects of thrombin on some cells expressing thrombin receptors while acting as an agonist on others. The present studies examine whether cleavage of the thrombin receptor by cathepsin G can account for these diverse effects. When added to cells that normally respond to(More)
Stimulation of human monocytes with monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) resulted in an increase of [Ca2+]i. The [Ca2+]i rise was dependent on external Ca2+, could be reconstituted by the addition of external Ca2+ and was blocked by Ni2+. Agonist-stimulated Ca2+ influx was demonstrated directly by the use of Mn2+: in the presence of extracellular Mn2+,(More)
The protease-activated family of G protein-coupled receptors includes PAR-1 and PAR-3, which are activated by thrombin, and PAR-2, which is activated by trypsin and tryptase. PAR-2 has recently been shown to be expressed in human endothelial cells. In the present studies, we have examined the expression of PAR-2 in other cells, particularly vascular smooth(More)