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Previous studies have reported that patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) show, in the "off medication" state, a reduced activation of tibialis anterior (TA) in the late swing-early stance phase of the gait cycle. In PD patients the pathophysiological picture may cause differences among the stride cycles. Our aims were to evaluate how frequently TA(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the possible additional benefit in terms of prognostic accuracy of an integrated application of a traditional scorable method of neurologic examination and the Prechtl's method of qualitative assessment of general movements (GMs) in a large population of 903 consecutive preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN Infants were enrolled from the(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the electromyographic (EMG) behavior of the triceps surae (TS), tibialis anterior (TA), quadriceps and hamstring muscles of the lower limbs during self-initiated free gait in a group of patients (n=15) with Parkinson's disease (PD), when OFF and ON L-Dopa, with that of normal controls. When OFF L-Dopa, we observed(More)
BACKGROUND The pendulum test of Wartenberg is a technique commonly used to measure passive knee motion with the aim to assess spasticity. We used this test to evaluate changes of the knee angular displacement, passive stiffness and viscosity in rheumatoid arthritis patients. Stiffness and viscosity represent passive resistances to joint motion associated(More)
BACKGROUND The Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination (HINE) is a simple and scorable method for assessing infants between 2 and 24 months of age. AIMS The purpose of this retrospective study was firstly, to evaluate the neuromotor development of infants with cerebral palsy (CP) by the HINE, during the first year of age; secondly, to correlate the(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to identify if botulinum toxin type A is a drug able to modify walking velocity, step length, and width of the base of support of adult patients with dynamic equinovarus foot deformity resulting from upper motor neuron syndrome. DESIGN This retrospective study analyzed data from 20 patients' files selected from 448(More)
The isokinetic strength of the knee extensor muscles of both limbs, at the speed of 30 degrees/second, was evaluated in 25 children and adolescents with Down syndrome. Comparison with two control groups of 40 intellectually average individuals and 30 individuals with mental retardation of unknown origin showed that both children and adolescents with Down(More)
The aims of the present study were: to examine the quality of life (QOL) of parents of children with cerebral palsy (CP) and to establish the possible effect of behaviour problems on their QOL. One-hundred children with CP, aged between 4 and 10 years, and both their parents were included in the study. Both parents completed the WHOQOL-BREF, to assess their(More)
In this study, we assessed kinematics and viscoelastic features of knee joint in adults with Down syndrome (DS) by means of the Wartenberg pendulum test. This test allows the measuring of the kinematics of the knee joint during passive pendular motion of leg under the influence of gravity. In addition, by a combination of kinematic and anthropometric data,(More)
Movement disturbances associated with Down syndrome reduce mechanical stability, worsening the execution of important tasks such as walking and upright standing. To compensate these deficits, persons with Down syndrome increase joint stability modulating the level of activation of single muscles or producing an agonist-antagonist co-activation. Such(More)