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The field of regenerative medicine has increasingly recognized the importance to be inspired by developmental processes to identify signaling pathways crucial for 3D organogenesis and tissue regeneration. Here, we aimed at recapitulating the first events occurring during limb development (ie, cell condensation and expansion of an undifferentiated(More)
Enzymatic isolation of chondrocytes from a cartilage biopsy is the first step to establish in vitro models of chondrogenesis or to generate cell-based grafts for cartilage repair. Such process is based on manually operated procedures and typically results in yields lower than 20% of the total available cells. In this study, we hypothesized that, as compared(More)
Cartilage tissue engineering has primarily focused on the generation of grafts to repair cartilage defects due to traumatic injury and disease. However engineered cartilage tissues have also a strong scientific value as advanced 3D culture models. Here we first describe key aspects of embryonic chondrogenesis and possible cell sources/culture systems for in(More)
Annulus fibrosus (AF) tissue engineering is gathering increasing interest for the development of strategies to reduce recurrent disc herniation (DH) rate and to increase the effectiveness of intervertebral disc regeneration strategies. This study evaluates the use of a bioactive microfibrous poly(l-lactide) scaffold releasing Transforming Growth Factor(More)
With few exceptions, tissue regeneration strategies based on the conventional combination of cells, scaffolding materials, and soluble factors (tissue engineering) have introduced a rather limited clinical impact. While it is being recognized that the nonconvincing benefits of engineered grafts require more fundamental knowledge on mechanisms of action and(More)
Electrospinning of biopolymeric scaffolds is a new and effective approach for creating replacement tissues to repair defects and/or damaged tissues with direct clinical application. However, many hurdles and technical concerns regarding biological issues, such as cell retention and the ability to grow, still need to be overcome to gain full access to the(More)
AIMS Current limitations of tissue-engineered vascular grafts include timing for the scaffold preparation, cell type, cell differentiation and growth inside the construct, and thrombogenicity of the final device. To surmount these shortcomings, we developed a heparin-releasing poly-L-lactide (PLLA) scaffold using the electrospinning technique, to guide the(More)
Tissue engineering of blood vessels is a promising strategy in regenerative medicine with a broad spectrum of potential applications. However, many hurdles for tissue-engineered vascular grafts, such as poor mechanical properties, thrombogenicity and cell over-growth inside the construct, need to be overcome prior to the clinical application. To surmount(More)
Targeting wound repair, we developed an electrospun poly-L-lactide fibrous scaffold functionalized with G-CSF, a growth factor which is widely recognized as important in wound healing homeostasis. The scaffold was characterized in terms of morphology, mechanical properties and in vitro capacity to induce organization of co-cultures of murine fibroblasts and(More)
Myocardial infarction and its consequences represent one of the most demanding challenges in cell therapy and regenerative medicine. Transfer of skeletal myoblasts into decompensated hearts has been performed through intramyocardial injection. However, the achievements of both cardiomyocyte differentiation and precise integration of the injected cells into(More)