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BACKGROUND Phrenic stimulation (PS) may hinder left ventricular (LV) pacing. We prospectively observed its prevalence in consecutive patients with cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) devices. METHODS AND RESULTS In the years 2003 to 2006, 197 patients received a CRT device. PS and LV threshold measurements were carried out at implantation and at(More)
AIMS To identify changes in multidirectional strain and strain rate (SR) in patients with aortic stenosis (AS). METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 420 patients (age 66.1 ± 14.5 years, 60.7% men) with aortic sclerosis, mild, moderate, and severe AS with preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction [(EF), ≥50%] were included. Multidirectional strain and SR(More)
Left ventricular (LV) twist and untwisting rate are emerging as global and thorough parameters for assessment of LV function. This study explored differences of LV twist and untwisting rate in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and patients with ischemic and nonischemic chronic heart failure (HF). Fifty patients with AMI, 49 with ischemic HF,(More)
BACKGROUND Although left ventricular (LV) pacing has been proposed as an alternative to biventricular (BIV) pacing for heart failure (HF) patients, few comparative data are available on the electromechanical effects of these pacing modalities at mid-term follow-up. AIM To investigate the clinical and echocardiographic effects of LV versus BIV pacing in a(More)
Several studies have demonstrated a relation between left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony and response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Many methods of determining LV dyssynchrony have been proposed, including a value of 65 ms as assessed by tissue Doppler imaging. The aim of the present validation study was to prospectively test the predictive(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most frequently encountered cardiac arrhythmia. The trigger for initiation of AF is generally an enhanced vulnerability of pulmonary vein cardiomyocyte sleeves to either focal or re-entrant activity. The maintenance of AF is based on a "driver" mechanism in a vulnerable substrate. Cardiac mapping technology is providing(More)
Persistence of a left superior vena cava (LSVC) has been reported in 0.3%-0.4% of candidates for pacemaker (PM) or cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation. The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical implications of LSVC persistence for proper device performance. We observed the prevalence of LSVC during a 15-year period. A total of 2077(More)
BACKGROUND 3D transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) may provide more accurate aortic annular and left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) dimensions and geometries compared with 2D TEE. We assessed agreements between 2D and 3D TEE measurements with multislice computed tomography (MSCT) and changes in annular/LVOT areas and geometries after transcatheter(More)
BACKGROUND The relative merits of left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony, LV lead position, and myocardial scar to predict long-term outcome after cardiac resynchronization therapy remain unknown and were evaluated in the present study. METHODS AND RESULTS In 397 ischemic heart failure patients, 2-dimensional speckle tracking imaging was performed, with(More)
BACKGROUND In the last decade, there has been an exponential increase in cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implants. Remote monitoring systems, allow daily follow-ups of patients with ICD. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of remote monitoring on the management of cardiovascular events associated with supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias during(More)