Matteo Bertelli

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The authors analyzed the CLCN2 chloride channel gene in 112 probands with familial epilepsy, detecting 18 common polymorphisms. Two brothers with generalized epilepsy and their asymptomatic father, and a father and son with focal epilepsy carried variants of possible functional significance that were not found in 192 controls. The authors conclude that(More)
Purines and pyrimidines, regarded for a long time only as building blocks for nucleic acid synthesis and intermediates in the transfer of metabolic energy, gained increasing attention since genetically determined aberrations in their metabolism were associated clinically with various degrees of mental retardation and/or unexpected and often devastating(More)
BACKGROUND Lesch-Nyhan disease is an inborn error of purine metabolism that results from deficiency of the activity of hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT). In the classic disease, the activity of the enzyme is completely deficient; the patient has mental retardation, spasticity, dystonia, and self-injurious behavior, as well as elevated(More)
Long QT syndrome (LQTS) has great genetic heterogeneity: more than 500 mutations have been described in several genes. Despite many advances, a genetic diagnosis still cannot be established in 25-30% of patients. The aim of the present study was to perform genetic evaluation in 9 Russian families with LQTS; here we report the results of 4 positive probands(More)
Summary: Lesch-Nyhan syndrome (LSN, McKusick 300322) is an X-linked genetic disease due, in its typical form, to the complete absence of hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT, EC enzyme activity. It is characterized by hyperuricaemia, leading to gout and kidney stones, accompanied by severe neurological dysfunction with(More)
CONTEXT Determinants of insulin resistance in Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) are not completely understood. The discovery of several adipokines with relevant effects on insulin resistance and cardiovascular complications of metabolic syndrome offered new tools of investigation of insulin resistance in PWS. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to measure(More)
Temperature strongly influenced morphogenesis of intracellular trypomastigotes in cell culture infected with 2 different strains of T. cruzi. With the Gilmar strain the amastigote-to-trypomastigote differentiation readily occurred at 33 and 37 C, whereas the CL strain differentiation took place at 33C but was inhibited at 37 C. The possiblity of this(More)
Lesch-Nyhan disease (LND), a genetic disorder associated with motor and psychiatric disturbance and self-injurious behaviour (SIB) is caused by a complete deficiency of hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT). The connection between enzyme deficiency and neurological involvement is still unclear. Evidence exists for a role of basal ganglia(More)
BACKGROUND Lesch-Nyhan disease (LND), an X-linked genetic disease caused by complete deficiency of the enzyme hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT), is characterized by hyperuricemia and psychiatric disturbance, mainly self-aggressiveness. Literature dates support the hypothesis that dopaminergic deficit and serotonergic excess in the(More)