Matt Ullenbruch

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Leukocyte infiltration is characteristic of lung injury and fibrosis, and its role during tissue repair and fibrosis is incompletely understood. We found that overexpression of IL-5 in transgenic mice (IL-5(TG)) or by adenoviral gene transfer increased bleomycin (blm)-induced lung injury, fibrosis, and eosinophilia. Surprisingly, blm-treated IL-5-deficient(More)
Increased lung IL-4 expression in pulmonary fibrosis suggests a potential pathogenetic role for this cytokine. To dissect this role, bleomycin-induced pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis were analyzed and compared in wild type (IL-4(+/+)) vs IL-4-deficient (IL-4(-/-)) mice. Lethal pulmonary injury after bleomycin treatment was higher in IL-4(-/-) vs(More)
Pulmonary fibrosis is characterized by inflammation, genesis of myofibroblasts, and abnormal tissue repair. Despite extensive research, its pathogenesis remains incompletely understood. Previously, the transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer binding protein beta (C/EBPbeta) was found to be a key regulator of myofibroblast differentiation in vitro, and to be(More)
Telomerase is induced in certain pathological conditions such as cancer and tissue injury and repair. This induction in fibroblasts from injured lung is repressed by transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) via yet unknown mechanisms. In this study, the role of Smad3 in the inhibition of telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) gene transcription by TGFbeta(More)
Telomerase activity, which has wide expression in cancerous cells, is induced in lung proliferating fibroblasts. It is preferentially expressed in fibroblasts versus myofibroblasts. It is unknown whether regulation of telomerase expression is related to the process of fibroblast differentiation into myofibroblasts. The objective of this study was to clarify(More)
Eotaxin-1/CCL11 and its receptor CCR3 are involved in recruitment of eosinophils to diverse tissues, but their role in eosinophil recruitment in pulmonary fibrosis is unclear. The present study examined the pulmonary expression of CCL11 and CCR3 during bleomycin (blm)-induced lung injury and determined their importance in the recruitment of inflammatory(More)
Myofibroblasts play an essential role in the abnormal deposition of extracellular matrix in pulmonary fibrosis. The presence or prolonged survival of these cells may be a key factor in the pathogenesis of progressive pulmonary fibrosis. Found in inflammatory zone (FIZZ)1 can induce myofibroblast differentiation and has an antiapoptotic effect on embryonic(More)
Serum response factor (SRF) is a transcription factor essential for smooth muscle (SM) myogenesis. Its role in myofibroblast differentiation is, however, unknown. We studied the expression and the localization of SRF in bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis, where myofibroblasts are abundant. We found that SRF levels were upregulated in bleomycin-exposed(More)
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