Matt Roser

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Genetically enhanced sensitivity to ultraviolet (UV) radiation may play an important role in the development of cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM). This was studied in cultured fibroblasts of 26 CMM patients and controls by micronucleus (MN) test and sister chromatid exchange (SCE) after UV irradiation (375 J/m2). Sister chromatid exchange and MN formation(More)
Prior research conceptualised action understanding primarily as a kinematic matching of observed actions to own motor representations but has ignored the role of object information. The current study utilized fMRI to identify (a) regions uniquely involved in encoding the goal of others' actions, and (b) to test whether these goal understanding processes(More)
The certainty of a strong genetic predisposition to malignant melanoma was first established over 35 years ago. Since it has been shown that constitutive chromosomal instability is significantly correlated with the familial occurrence of cancer, we have studied spontaneous micronucleus rates in fibroblast cultures from 44 melanoma patients, 44 healthy(More)
Spontaneous micronuclei (MN) were determined in 69 fibroblast lines in the first subculture after cryoconservation. 45 cultures (65%) showed micronuclei in the normal range (less than 10 MN/500 cells), but 24 (35%) exhibited an elevation up to 60 MN/500 cells. In order to determine whether freezing and thawing is responsible for the enhanced MN level we(More)
The clinical diagnosis of malignant melanoma (MM) is based on the subjective evaluation of objective measurable parameters (criteria). The accuracy of melanoma diagnosis by dermatologists is only 75%. Particularly difficult is the diagnosis of precursors or early stages of MM. Therefore, we have studied on the one hand the intra- and interindividual(More)
Cultured fibroblasts of 17 first-degree relatives of familial melanoma patients and six first-degree relatives of cutaneous melanoma (CMM) patients with multiple CMM primaries were tested for in vitro sensitivity to UV light. Fibroblasts of nine familial CMM patients with a known UV-sensitivity and 19 healthy probands served as a control. Sister chromatid(More)
Fibroblast cultures of seven patients with xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), 19 healthy sibs or parents of XP patients (XP-heterozygotes), and 24 healthy normal controls were studied for chromosome instability induced by ultraviolet rays (UV). We used a UV source that contained predominantly UV-A and UV-B at an intensity of 500 J/m2 and evaluated the induction of(More)
Cultured fibroblasts from patients with cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) were tested for chromosomal instability by determination of micronuclei (MN) and sister chromatide exchange (SCE). The constitutive as well as the UV-induced level of MN was increased in CMM patients, being most pronounced in the familial cases. There was an increased UV sensitivity(More)
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