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Glucocorticoids can promote osteoblast differentiation from fetal calvarial cells and bone marrow stromal cells. We recently reported that glucocorticoid specifically induced bone morphogenetic protein-6 (BMP-6), a glycoprotein signaling molecule that is a multifunctional regulator of vertebrate development. In the present study, we used fetal rat secondary(More)
A prospective animal study of posterolateral lumbar spine arthrodesis was performed to determine the temporal and spatial pattern of gene expression and to determine the effect of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 on the gene expression pattern of a healing spine fusion mass. In Group 1, 20 adult New Zealand rabbits underwent L4-L5(More)
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) induce cartilage and bone differentiation in vivo and promote osteoblast differentiation from calvarial and marrow stromal cell preparations. Functional differences between BMP-2, -4, and -6 are not well understood. Recent investigations find that these three closely related osteoinductive proteins may exert different(More)
Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is an enzyme which is exclusively expressed in immature myeloid cells with downregulation of gene expression occurring during granulocytic maturation. Levels of MPO RNA, protein, and enzyme activity differ, usually in a concordant fashion, among the various classes of acute leukemia and among different cases within a particular class.(More)
We tested whether boldness is associated with attenuation of the physiological stress response in behaviorally selected lines of zebrafish Danio rerio. We measured three component behaviors of boldness: cortisol levels under control and stressed conditions, growth rate, and expression of key genes linked to the hypothalamic-pituitary-interrenal axis in the(More)
We recently reported the identification and initial characterization of the human myeloperoxidase (MPO) promoter. The minimal or basic MPO promoter lies within the proximal 128 bp of the 5'-flanking region of the MPO gene. Plasmids containing progressively larger segments of the 5'-flanking region show correspondingly greater MPO promoter activity and(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major cause of acute and chronic hepatitis in the United States and abroad. HCV antibody prevalences ranging from 10 to 90% have been reported in intravenous drug abusers, hemodialysis patients, and persons suffering from other liver diseases, whereas HCV seropositivity rates for volunteer-blood donor populations are(More)
Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is an abundant heme protein found in granulocytes and monocytes, which plays an important role in host defense against infection. MPO enzyme activity as determined by light microscopic cytochemistry has long been an important marker used in the diagnosis of acute leukemias and other hematopoietic disorders. Recently, MPO expression has(More)
Glucocorticoids (GCs) at physiological concentrations promote osteoblast differentiation from fetal calvarial cells, calvarial organ cultures, and bone marrow stromal cells; however, the cellular pathways involved are not known. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are recognized as important mediators of osteoblast differentiation. Specific roles for(More)
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