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Carbon dioxide (CO2) pneumoperitoneum usually is created by a compressed gas source. This exposes the patient to cool dry gas delivered at room temperature (21°C) with 0% relative humidity. Various delivery methods are available for humidifying and heating CO2 gas. This study was designed to determine the effects of heating and humidifying gas for the(More)
All rights reserved iii Acknowledgements The moral is, it hardly need be shown, All those who try to go it sole alone, Too proud to be beholden for relief, Are absolutely sure to come to grief. |Robert Frost With high spirits I undertook to thank the many people who have helped me during my graduate tenure at Caltech. I have had the opportunity and pleasure(More)
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