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Green Ulvacean marine macroalgae are distributed worldwide in coastal tidal and subtidal ecosystems. As for many living surfaces in the marine environment, little is known concerning the epiphytic bacterial biofilm communities that inhabit algal surfaces. This study reports on the largest published libraries of near full-length 16S rRNA genes from a marine(More)
We present a method for decomposing wholesale electricity payments into production costs, inframarginal competitive rents, and payments resulting from the exercise of market power. The method also parses actual variable costs into the minimum variable costs necessary to meet demand and increased production costs caused by market power and other market(More)
Since the recognition of prokaryotes as essential components of the oceanic food web, bacterioplankton have been acknowledged as catalysts of most major biogeochemical processes in the sea. Studying heterotrophic bacterioplankton has been challenging, however, as most major clades have never been cultured or have only been grown to low densities in sea(More)
Methanotrophs are ubiquitous bacteria that can use the greenhouse gas methane as a sole carbon and energy source for growth, thus playing major roles in global carbon cycles, and in particular, substantially reducing emissions of biologically generated methane to the atmosphere. Despite their importance, and in contrast to organisms that play roles in other(More)
Green sulfur bacteria (GSB) (Chlorobiaceae) are primary producers that are important in global carbon and sulfur cycling in natural environments. An almost complete genome sequence for a single, dominant GSB species ('C-Ace') was assembled from shotgun sequence data of an environmental sample taken from the O(2)-H(2)S interface of the water column of Ace(More)
Sponges form close relationships with bacteria, and a remarkable phylogenetic diversity of yet-uncultured bacteria has been identified from sponges using molecular methods. In this study, we use a comparative metagenomic analysis of the bacterial community in the model sponge Cymbastela concentrica and in the surrounding seawater to identify previously(More)
Weakness of the hip abductors after total hip arthroplasty may result in pain and/or functional limitation. Non-weight-bearing (NWB) exercises are often performed to target the hip abductors; however, muscle activation of NWB exercises has not been compared to weight-bearing (WB) exercises. Our purpose was to evaluate gluteus medius activation during 2 WB(More)
Perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs) form a special category of organofluorine compounds with particularly useful and unique properties. Their large use over the past decades increased the interest in the study of their environmental fate. Fluorocarbons may have direct or indirect environmental impact through the products of their decomposition in the(More)
The functional metagenomic screening of the microbial communities associated with a temperate marine sponge and a green alga identified three novel hydrolytic enzymes with antibacterial activities. The results suggest that uncultured alpha- and gammaproteobacteria contain new classes of proteins that may be a source of antibacterial agents.