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Excitonic solar cells-including organic, hybrid organic-inorganic and dye-sensitized cells (DSCs)-are promising devices for inexpensive, large-scale solar energy conversion. The DSC is currently the most efficient and stable excitonic photocell. Central to this device is a thick nanoparticle film that provides a large surface area for the adsorption of(More)
We evaluate an ordered organic-inorganic solar cell architecture based on ZnO-TiO 2 core-shell nanorod arrays encased in the hole-conducting polymer P3HT. Thin shells of TiO 2 grown on the ZnO nanorods by atomic layer deposition significantly increase the voltage and fill factor relative to devices without shells. We find that the core-shell cells must be(More)
Although the electrical integration of chemically synthesized nanowires has been achieved with lithography, optical integration, which promises high speeds and greater device versatility, remains unexplored. We describe the properties and functions of individual crystalline oxide nanoribbons that act as subwavelength optical waveguides and assess their(More)
We measure the room-temperature electron and hole field-effect mobilities (micro(FE)) of a series of alkanedithiol-treated PbSe nanocrystal (NC) films as a function of NC size and the length of the alkane chain. We find that carrier mobilities decrease exponentially with increasing ligand length according to the scaling parameter beta = 1.08-1.10 A(-1), as(More)
We describe here a simple, all-inorganic metal/NC/metal sandwich photovoltaic (PV) cell that produces an exceptionally large short-circuit photocurrent (>21 mA cm(-2)) by way of a Schottky junction at the negative electrode. The PV cell consists of a PbSe NC film, deposited via layer-by-layer (LbL) dip coating that yields an EQE of 55-65% in the visible and(More)
A major area of application for nanowires and nanotubes is likely to be the sensing of important molecules, either for medical or environmental health purposes. The ultrahigh surface-to-volume ratios of these structures make their electrical properties extremely sensitive to surface-adsorbed species, as recent work has shown with carbon nanotubes, [1, 2](More)
A method for growing vertical ZnO nanowire arrays on arbitrary substrates using either gas-phase or solution-phase approaches is presented. A approximately 10 nm-thick layer of textured ZnO nanocrystals with their c axes normal to the substrate is formed by the decomposition of zinc acetate at 200-350 degrees C to provide nucleation sites for vertical(More)
Since the first report of ultraviolet lasing from ZnO nano-wires, [1] substantial effort has been devoted to the development of synthetic methodologies for one-dimensional ZnO nanostructures. Among the various techniques described in the literature, evaporation and condensation processes are favored for their simplicity and high-quality products, but these(More)
We describe the structural, optical, and electrical properties of high-quality films of PbSe nanocrystals fabricated by a layer-by-layer (LbL) dip-coating method that utilizes 1,2-ethanedithiol (EDT) as an insolubilizing agent. Comparative characterization of nanocrystal films made by spin-coating and by the LbL process shows that EDT quantitatively(More)