Matt J Spittal

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BACKGROUND The CDC, the WHO, and the World Bank promote increases in the price of cigarettes as an effective and important tobacco-control strategy. This study was designed to assess the extent to which the association between the price of cigarettes and smoking prevalence, as measured monthly, varies by income group. METHODS Australian population survey(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the socioeconomic variations in call rates to the Quitline (Victoria, Australia) and in the impact of anti-tobacco television advertising on call rates. DESIGN The outcome measure was the number of calls to the Quitline in Victoria for each week for each socioeconomic group for the period January 2001 to March 2004. Socioeconomic(More)
OBJECTIVES We used 4 waves of prospective data to examine the association of smoking cessation with financial stress and material well-being. METHODS Data (n = 5699 at baseline) came from 4 consecutive waves (2001-2005) of the Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia survey. We used mixed models to examine the participant-specific association of(More)
In human volunteers, the response times of 11 pulse oximeters to a 10% step reduction in arterial oxygen saturation were measured using an acute decompression technique. When finger probes were used, nine oximeters had similar response times and two were significantly slower (P less than 0.05). The ear probe response time was similar on six oximeters(More)
PURPOSE To examine the effect of happiness and life satisfaction on health. DESIGN Longitudinal data from waves 1 and 3, conducted in 2001 and 2004, respectively, of the Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia survey. SETTING Australia. SUBJECTS A total of 9981 respondents aged 18 years and older. MEASURES Outcomes were self-reported(More)
We have studied, in 150 patients undergoing elective oral surgery, the effectiveness and sequelae of pretreatment with rocuronium for reducing myalgia after suxamethonium. Patients were allocated randomly to one of three groups: anaesthesia was induced with propofol and fentanyl, and group V received vecuronium 1 mg, group R rocuronium 6 mg and group P(More)
We have conducted a prospective analysis of all reported critical incidents which occurred during the period from admission to the anaesthetic room until discharge from the operating theatre complex over a 1-year. The aim was to identify which monitors were most effective for initial recognition of those incidents. All patients were monitored in accordance(More)
BACKGROUND Wearing sunglasses may reduce the risk of cataract and of skin cancer in the periorbital area. Understanding predictors of sunglasses use may help identify groups with lower usage patterns. METHODS An annual observational field survey of teenagers and adults at leisure at outdoor venues around Melbourne, Australia was conducted between 11 am(More)
BACKGROUND Research on the financial consequences of quitting smoking is scant. We examined the association of smoking cessation with the subsequent likelihood of experiencing financial stress. METHODS Data came from Waves 1, 2 and 3 (2001-04) of the Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia survey. The size of the subsample of smokers in Wave 1(More)