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We have generated an improved assembly and gene annotation of the pig X Chromosome, and a first draft assembly of the pig Y Chromosome, by sequencing BAC and fosmid clones from Duroc animals and incorporating information from optical mapping and fiber-FISH. The X Chromosome carries 1033 annotated genes, 690 of which are protein coding. Gene order closely(More)
Copyrights to all text and images of submissions to the Undergraduate Research Journal for the Humanities (collectively, the "Journal Content") are reserved by the authors thereof, subject to a license in favor of the Journal as well as to the Creative Commons "Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Public License" outlined and described(More)
Purpose Most individuals with infantile nystagmus (IN) have an idiosyncratic gaze angle at which their nystagmus intensity is minimized. Some adopt an abnormal head posture to use this "null zone," and it has therefore long been assumed that this provides people with nystagmus with improved visual acuity (VA). However, recent studies suggest that improving(More)
PURPOSE Treatments for infantile nystagmus (IN) sometimes elicit subjective reports of improved visual function, yet quantifiable improvements in visual acuity, if any, are often negligible. One possibility is that these subjective "improvements" may relate to temporal, rather than spatial, visual function. This study aimed to ascertain the extent to which(More)
Clostridium sordellii can cause severe infections in animals and humans, the latter associated with trauma, toxic shock and often-fatal gynaecological infections. Strains can produce two large clostridial cytotoxins (LCCs), TcsL and TcsH, related to those produced by Clostridium difficile, Clostridium novyi and Clostridium perfringens, but the genetic basis(More)
24 Purpose: Infantile nystagmus (IN) consists of largely horizontal oscillations of the eyes that 25 usually begin shortly after birth. The condition is almost always associated with lower than 26 normal visual acuity (VA). This is assumed to be at least partially due to motion blur induced 27 by the eye movements. Here, we investigated the effect of image(More)
We evaluated a new method of segmental analysis of the array of numbers representing the depths at points on the optic nerve as generated by a computerized retinal topographic imaging system (the Humphrey Retinal Analyzer). We divided the observed optic nerve head into five rectangular areas, determined the mean depth of each of these areas, and compared(More)
PURPOSE Infantile nystagmus (IN) is a pathological, involuntary oscillation of the eyes consisting of slow, drifting eye movements interspersed with rapid reorienting quick phases. The extent to which quick phases of IN are programmed similarly to saccadic eye movements remains unknown. We investigated whether IN quick phases exhibit 'saccadic inhibition,'(More)
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