A considerable amount of attention has focused on the cardiovascular events associated with ethanol consumption. The available evidence suggests that moderate ethanol consumption is associated with reduced risk of coronary heart disease, i.e., vessel events. In contrast, this review is primarily concerned with ethanol and heart muscle damage. Clinical… (More)
We have generated an improved assembly and gene annotation of the pig X Chromosome, and a first draft assembly of the pig Y Chromosome, by sequencing BAC and fosmid clones from Duroc animals and incorporating information from optical mapping and fiber-FISH. The X Chromosome carries 1033 annotated genes, 690 of which are protein coding. Gene order closely… (More)
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Purpose: Infantile nystagmus (IN) is a pathological, involuntary oscillation of the eyes consisting of slow, drifting eye movements interspersed with rapid reorienting quick phases. The extent to which quick phases of IN are programmed similarly to saccadic eye movements remains unknown. We investigated whether IN quick phases exhibit 'saccadic inhibition',… (More)
PURPOSE Treatments for infantile nystagmus (IN) sometimes elicit subjective reports of improved visual function, yet quantifiable improvements in visual acuity, if any, are often negligible. One possibility is that these subjective "improvements" may relate to temporal, rather than spatial, visual function. This study aimed to ascertain the extent to which… (More)
Clostridium sordellii can cause severe infections in animals and humans, the latter associated with trauma, toxic shock and often-fatal gynaecological infections. Strains can produce two large clostridial cytotoxins (LCCs), TcsL and TcsH, related to those produced by Clostridium difficile, Clostridium novyi and Clostridium perfringens, but the genetic basis… (More)
PURPOSE Infantile nystagmus (IN) is a pathological, involuntary oscillation of the eyes consisting of slow, drifting eye movements interspersed with rapid reorienting quick phases. The extent to which quick phases of IN are programmed similarly to saccadic eye movements remains unknown. We investigated whether IN quick phases exhibit 'saccadic inhibition,'… (More)
24 Purpose: Infantile nystagmus (IN) consists of largely horizontal oscillations of the eyes that 25 usually begin shortly after birth. The condition is almost always associated with lower than 26 normal visual acuity (VA). This is assumed to be at least partially due to motion blur induced 27 by the eye movements. Here, we investigated the effect of image… (More)