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The objectives of this study were to 1) continuously assess oxygen uptake during and after difficult sport rock climbing and 2) to evaluate the effects of active versus passive recovery on post-climbing blood lactate and hand grip strength. Fifteen expert rock climbers attempted to climb (i.e., red point lead) a 20 m difficult route (5.12 b, YDS scale) set(More)
Steroidogenic factor 1 (SF-1), also known as adrenal 4-binding protein, is a member of the nuclear hormone receptor family that regulates transcription of genes encoding hormones and steroidogenic enzymes important to the function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. The mammalian Ftz-F1 gene encodes SF-1 and is required for development of adrenal(More)
The roles of the bHLH-Zip protein, upstream stimulatory factor (USF), in mouse metallothionein-I (MT-I) gene expression were examined. The promoter contains a putative USF binding site which overlaps an antioxidant response element (ARE) located at -101 bp relative to the transcription start point. The USF/ARE composite element increases basal expression of(More)
BACKGROUND Rotational control of the knee is crucial for knee stability. The anterolateral ligament (ALL) has been identified as a potentially important structure involved in rotational control of the knee. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS The purpose of this study was to determine, utilizing a navigation system, the involvement of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL),(More)
The FSH receptor (FSHR) is expressed only in granulosa cells of the ovary and Sertoli cells of the testis. This highly specific pattern of gene expression asserts that transcriptional events unique to these two cell types are responsible for activation of the FSHR gene. We have characterized the promoter elements required for activity of the rat FSHR gene(More)
Expression of the FSH receptor (FSHR) is limited to granulosa cells of the ovary and Sertoli cells of the testis. Previous studies showed that an E box in the proximal promoter of the FSHR gene is required for transcription and that the predominant E box binding proteins are the ubiquitous transcription factors, upstream stimulatory factor 1 (USF1) and(More)
Despite technologic advances in the surgical technique for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, some patients continue to have rotational instability postoperatively. Recently, authors have reported the anatomic and functional characteristics of the anterolateral ligament (ALL), a structure that originates near the lateral epicondyle on the(More)
The most abundant microtubule-associated protein in sea urchin eggs and embryos is the 77 kDa echinoderm microtubule-associated protein (EMAP). EMAP localizes to the mitotic spindle as well as the interphase microtubule array and is a likely target for a cell cycle-activated kinase. To determine if EMAP is phosphorylated in vivo, sea urchin eggs and embryos(More)
The echinoderm microtubule-associated protein (EMAP) is the most abundant microtubule-binding protein in the first cleavage mitotic apparatus in sea urchin embryos. The first goal of this study was to determine whether there is sufficient EMAP in the egg and embryo to modify microtubule dynamics during the early cleavages divisions and whether EMAP(More)