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We review several case studies (water quality, upland management, woodland management) where palaeoecological data are able to contribute to current debate in conservation practice and ecology, as part of a wider consideration of the relationships between palaeoecology and conservation. We conclude that, although there are structural and inherent barriers(More)
Autonomous vehicles and other robotics systems are frequently implemented using a general-purpose programming language such as C++, and prototyped using domain-specific tool such as MATLAB/Simulink, and LabVIEW. Such an approach is not efficient when programming primitive motions of autonomous vehicles when considering important safety constraints, and when(More)
Robotic systems have benefitted from standardized middleware that can componentize the development of new capabilities for a robot. The popularity of these robotic middleware systems has resulted in sizable libraries of components that are now available to roboti- cists. However, many robotic systems (such as autonomous vehicles) must adhere to externally(More)
Traffic waves are phenomena that emerge when the vehicular density exceeds a critical threshold. Considering the presence of increasingly automated vehicles in the traffic stream, a number of research activities have focused on the influence of automated vehicles on the bulk traffic flow. In the present article, we demonstrate experimentally that(More)
Vegetation reconstructions from palaeoecological records depend on adequate understanding of relationships between modern pollen, vegetation and climate. A key parameter for quantitative vegetation reconstructions is the Relative Pollen Productivity (RPP). Differences in both environmental and methodological factors are known to alter the RPP estimated(More)
Eric Robbins is a policy economist in the Banking Studies and Structure Department. Patrick Contreras was in the Consumer Affairs Department at the time he contributed to this article. The authors would like to thank the Garden City, Kansas, bankers who were interviewed and the respondents who took the time to complete surveys. The authors also thank the(More)
Managing complexity while ensuring safely designed behaviors is important for cyber-physical systems as they are continually intro- duced to consumers, such as autonomous vehicles. Safety consid- erations are important as programming interfaces become open to experts and non experts of varying degrees. Autonomous vehicles are an example system where many(More)
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